He ( she, it ) does not read. Not ставится после вспомогательных глаголов do, does.
Вспомогательный глагол do (does) на русский язык не переводится.
Краткие ответы: Yes, I (you, we, they) do.
No, I (you, we, they) do not (don’t).
Yes, he (she, it) does. No, he (she, it) does not (doesn’t).
Глаголы в Present Indefinite Tense переводятся на русский язык глаголами в настоящем времени.
Итак, признаки глагола в Present Simple: 1. Инфинитив без частицы to.
2. Окончание (e) s в 3 л. ед. ч.
3. Вспомогательный глагол do (does).
Глагол tobe не требует вспомогательного глагола для образования вопросительной и отрицательной форм.
I am a student.
Am I a student?
Упражнение 1.Укажите номера предложений, сказуемые которыхстоят в Present Indefinite Tense. 1. He went there yesterday. 2. We live in Moscow. 3. She likes to go to the theatre. 4. Do you study at school? 5. My father works at a factory. 6. Pete's sister does not work. 7. She studies at the Institute. 8. Did my mother work at school last year? 9. He will go to the theatre tomorrow.
Упражнение 2. Выберите соответствующую форму глагола. 1. I ... in Moscow (live, lives). 2. ... you like English (do, does)? 3. My mother ... English well (speak, speaks). 4. He ... not work at the factory (do, does). 5. ... Peter often go to the theatre (do, does)? 6. We ... not study at school (do, does).
Упражнение З. Скажите по-английски. 1. Они живут в Санкт-Петербурге (to live). 2. Моя сестра не знает английского языка (to know). 3. Вы любите спорт (to like)? 4. Я не люблю футбол. 5. Ваша сестра учится в школе (to study)? 6. Петя учится хорошо. 7. Ты носишь очки (to wear glasses)? 8. Мой брат встаёт без четверти семь (to get up). 9. Он не моет руки перед едой (to wash). 10. Мы спим в спальне (to sleep).
Упражнение 4. Выберите правильную форму: do, does, don't, doesn't. 1. Where ... Sam live? 2. I'm sorry, I ... know his telephone number. 3. ... you like music? - Yes, I ... . I have many records. 4. ... your mother work? No, she ... . She is a housewife. 5. ... your brother speak French? - Oh yes, he ... . 6. Why ... their parents want to move to another city?
Упражнение 5. Переведите предложения. Поставьте их в отрицательную форму. Задайте общий вопрос к каждому предложению. 1. Tim does his morning exercises every day. 2. Emma gets up early. 3. Ann always gets up late. 4. His grandmother always wakes him up. 5. The Wilsons normally have breakfast at 7 o'clock. 6. My uncle usually watches TV in the evening. 7. It often rains in England. 8. It seldom snows in Spain. 9. We usually do the shopping on Thursday. 10. The children help mother to do the washing-up.
Упражнение 6. Используя вопросительные слова в скобках, задайте к предложениям специальные вопросы. 1. Не always smokes before lunch. (When?) 2. The Pearsons like to work in the garden. (Where?) 3. Amanda always wears too much make up. (Who?) 4. Kate works at a nursery school. (Where?) 5. Charles goes to the disco every Saturday. (How often?) 6. I sometimes spend the weekend in the country. (Why?) 7. She takes a shower in the morning. (When?) 8. I get to the pool by bus. (How?) 9. My sister visits her friends on Saturday evenings. (What?) 10. Our father takes medicine three times a day. (How often?) 11. They usually speak English. (What language?) 12. Everybody has a good time every Saturday. (Who?) 13. My name is Tom. (What?)
Упражнение 7. Ответьте на вопросы, используя фразы, данные в скобках. 1. What does a singer do? 2. What does a shoemaker do? 3. What does a housewife do? 4. What does an artist do? 5. What does a doctor do? 6. What does a hairdresser do? 7. What does a broker do? 8. What does a law student do? 9. What does a laundress do? 10. What does a sportsman do? 11. What does a baker do?
(to go in for sports, to study law, to cut and dress the hair, to paint pictures, to mend boots and shoes, to sing songs, to do the housework, to practice medicine, to buy and sell shares, to wash linen, to make bread.)
Упражнение 8.Исправьте предложения по образцу: 1. The American President lives in Rome.
2. The American President doesn't live in Rome.
3. The American President lives in Washington.
Insects catch birds. 2. Elephants eat animals. 3. The River Volga
flows into the Baltic Sea. 4. The sun sets in the East. 5. Dentists look after nose.
Упражнение 9. Прочтите предложения и ответьте на вопросы. I The students of your group like to go for walks in the woods in summer.
1. Do the students like to go for walks?
2. Where do they like to go for walks?
3. When do they like to go for walks?
4. What students like to go for walks?
5. What do they like to do?
6. Who likes to go for walks in the woods?
II Kostya helps his mother to look after his small brother.
1. What does Kostya help his mother to do?
2. Whom does Kostya help his mother to look after?
3. What does Kostya do?
4. Whom does Kostya help?
5. Who helps his mother?
6. Kostya helps his mother, doesn't he?
Упражнение 10.Задайте вопросы к предложениям, опираясь на упражнение 9. 1. On Saturday we finish our lessons at 12 o'clock.
2. The girl gets off the bus at the stop in Pushkin Square.
Speaking Упражнение 11. Tell the group what you usually do, - when your teacher comes to the workshop;
- when you come home from the college;
- when your mother asks you to help her;
- when you have session;
- when you stay at the library;
- when you go to the canteen.
Упражнение 12. Tell each other some words about Omsk Aviation College using the Present Simple Tense.
1.2 Н. Е. Жуковский
The Past Simple Tense
Прошедшее неопределённое (простое) время Употребляется: для выражения действий повторяющихся, происходивших последовательно и имевших место в прошлом и не связанных с настоящим моментом.
Yesterday I went to the theatre. С формой Past Indefinite часто употребляются слова и словосочетания: yesterday, the day before yesterday, last week (month, year), (. . . , . . .) days ago, in 1990 и т.д.
Образуется: с помощью прибавления окончания – ed управильных глаголов; у неправильных глаголов – II колонка
а) - ed читается как [t] после глухих согласных (dressed), как [d] после звонких согласных и гласных (opened, played), как [id] после t и d: (counted, decided)
б) Глаголы, оканчивающиеся на у с предшествующей согласной, меняют у на i:
to study - studied (но: play - played). в) В односложных и двусложных глаголах с краткой гласной удваивается конечная согласная: skip -skipped; travel – travelled. Вопросительная форма: Отрицательная форма: Did I (he, she, it, we, you, they) work? I (he, she, it, we, you, they) did not work.
Упражнение 1. Напишите форму прошедшего времени глаголов: to go, to have, to see, to take, to give, to put, to stand, to put on, to sit, to understand.
Упражнение 2. Перепишите предложения. Глаголы напишите в Past Simple. I
1. The children sometimes work on a collective farm in summer. 2. We play football and other interesting games at the camp. 3. Mike goes to his circle early. 4. It always snows in winter. 5. The Ninth Form pupils clean the street in front of the school. 6. We often ski and skate in the park. 7. She always answers questions well.
1. Yesterday (to be) the third of October. 2. It (to be) warm, and we (to play) ball in our yard. 3. Our dog (to be) with us too. 4. It (to like) the game. 5. He (to jump) and (to jump). 6. We (to have) five lessons yesterday. 7. After the lessons the pupils on duty (to water) the flowers and (to clean) the blackboard and other things. 8. When everything in the classroom (to look) clean, they (to go) home. 9. It (to be) half past three and they (to be) very hungry.
Упражнение3. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в форме Present или Past Simple. 1. I (to watch) television at seven o'clock every evening.
2. I (to watch) television yesterday.
3. She (to comb) her hair every morning.
4. Yesterday she (to comb) her hair.
5. They (not to rest) yesterday.
6. I usually (to walk) to my school but yesterday I (to take) a tram.
7. Yesterday he (to have) a holiday. He (not to go) to the office. He (to get) up at eleven o'clock, (to wash) his face, (to have) breakfast and (to go) for a walk.
8. As a rule my mother (to cook) dinner. But yesterday she (to decide) not to cook. She (to invite) us to the restaurant.
9. He (not to like) coffee. But yesterday he (to drink) a cup of coffee as he (to be) very tired.
10. You often (to take) your brother for a walk? - Yes. - Why you (not to take) him for a walk the day before yesterday? - He (to be) ill.
Упражнение 4. Перепишите тексты в Past Simple.
Не gets up at seven o'clock. He washes his face, cleans his teeth and combs. He goes to the kitchen and has his breakfast. For breakfast he has a cup of coffee and cheese. When the breakfast is over, he goes to the office. He takes a bus to get to his work.
At the office he works till two o'clock. At two o'clock he has dinner. He finishes his work at seven o'clock in the evening. He decides to walk a little after his working day. He returns home at nine. He doesn't want have supper, he only drinks tea. Suddenly he remembers that he has to phone his friend. He dials the numbers that he has to phone his friend. He dials the number but nobody answers. His friend is not at home. He goes to his room and decides to watch TV. When the TV program is over, he sleeps.
The weather is bad. There is no sun in the sky. Beth wakes up late in the morning. She doesn't want to leave the bed. She stays in her bed for some time. But Beth is hungry. She wants something to eat. She makes herself to get up, and goes to the bathroom. She washes and cleans her teeth. Beth goes to the kitchen and has her breakfast. After breakfast she thinks how to spend her day. Suddenly the telephone rings. Her friend Tom phones. Tom says he has two tickets to the theatre and he invites her to go and see the play. Beth thanks him and agrees to go to the theatre. The play begins at twelve. She has only two hours to dress and to get to the theatre. Beth doesn't know what to put on in such bad weather. She thinks for some minutes and chooses her new beautiful dress! The weather is bad but she is in a good mood.
Упражнение 5. Complete the sentences. Example: He has dinner at three o'clock every day, but yesterday he had dinner at four.
1. He comes home at one o'clock, but yesterday . . .
2. She takes three notebooks to school, but yesterday . . .
3. Every summer he lives in the country, but last summer . . .
4. My uncle comes to us every Sunday, but last Sunday he. . .
5. My father works from nine till five, but last week . . .
6. She goes to bed at ten o'clock, but yesterday . . .
Упражнение 6. Complete the sentences and make a story. Use the verbs in the Past Simple Tense. In August I ... at a camp. The camp ... in a big forest. We ... to the forest every day. Our teacher ... us many birds in the forest, and now I know the names of many birds. We often . . . in a little river near our camp. In the afternoon we … volleyball, basketball and other games. I … table tennis well. I ... very nice time at the camp. My friend Nick … many pictures of us. We … many songs.
My favourite song … « I saw…».
Упражнение 7. Do and say what you did I. 1. Take your bag.
2. Open it.
3. Take your exercise-book.
. Put it on the desk.
II. 1. Stand up.
2. Go to the teacher's desk.
3. Take a picture.
4. Hang it on the blackboard.
III. 1. Go to the door.
2. Open the door.
3. Look out.
4. Shut the door.
IV. 1. Stand up.
2. Turn to the middle of the classroom.
3. Look up.
4. Count the lamps.
Упражнение 8. Answer the questions (see Exercise 7).
I. 1. Did he (she) take his (her) bag?
2. What did he (she) open?
3. What did he (she) do then?
4. Where did he (she) put the exercise-book?
II. 1. Did a girl or a boy stand up?
2. Whose desk did she (he) go to?
3. What did she (he) take?
4. Where did she (he) hang the picture?
III. 1. Who went to the door?
2. Did he (she) open the door or shut it?
3. What did he (she) do then?
4. What did he (she) shut?
IV. 1. Did a girl or a boy stand up?
2. Where did he (she) turn?
3. He (she) looked up, didn't he (she)?
4. How many lamps did he (she) count?
Упражнение 9.Answer the questions. 1. You listened to the radio yesterday, didn't you?
2. What mark did you get yesterday?
3. When did you have your dinner yesterday?
4. Did you write a dictation on Saturday?
5. Where did you go after the lessons on Monday?
6. Did you come home from college late?
Упражнение 10. a) Say who you saw this morning (yesterday) on the way to the college.
Example: I saw our doctor on my way to the college this morning.
b) Tell the group what sport games you played last summer (winter). Example: I often played chess in summer.
Чтение дат. Порядковые и количественные числительные.
1one - один
2 two - два
3 three - три
the first - первый
the second - второй
the third - третий
Числительные от 13 до 19 образуются прибавлением суффикса – teenк основе. Числительные, обозначающие десятки, имеют суффикс – ty. Порядковые числительные кроме первых трех (first, second, third) образуются прибавлением суффикса – thили – eth к соответствующим количественным числительным. Они всегда употребляются с определенным артиклем.
Числительные обозначают количество предметов или порядок предметов при счете.
Числительные делятся на количественные, отвечающие на вопрос «сколько?» и порядковые, отвечающие на вопрос «который? ».
20 twenty – the twentieth
30 thirty –the thirtieth
40 forty –the fortieth
50 fifty – the fiftieth
60 sixty – the sixtieth
70 seventy – the seventieth
80 eighty – the eightieth
90 ninety – the ninetieth
twenty-two – the twenty-second
thirty-three – the thirty-third
forty-four – the forty-fourth
fifty-five – the fifty-fifth
sixty-six – the sixty-sixth
Числительные от ста и больше
100 – a (one) hundred 100th – the hundredth
101 – a (one) hundred 101st – the one hundred
and one and first
200 – two hundred 200th – the two hundredth
1,000 – (one) thousand 1000th – the thousandth
1,001 – a (one) thousand and one
5, 550 – five thousand five hundred and fifty
5, 000, 000 – five million
1,500 – fifteen hundred
Числительные hundred, thousand, million не имеют окончания –s, когда перед ним стоит другое числительное. Когда числительные обозначают неопределенное количество, они употребляются во множественном числе с окончанием –s, за которым следует предлог of.
hundreds of books two hundred books
thousands of people five thousand books
millions of people 2 million people
Номера страниц, домов, квартир, транспорта обозначаются не порядковыми, а количественными числительными. В этих случаях существительные употребляются без артикля: page15, house 40, flat 13, bus 72.
Чтение дат Числительное, обозначающее год, делится на две части – число сотен, а затем – число десятков и единиц.
1900 – nineteen hundred, in (the year) nineteen hundred
2000 – two thousand, in (the year) two thousand
1905 – nineteen five, in (the year) nineteen five
Даты читаются следующим образом:
April 12, 2001 1) on the twelfth of April, two thousand one
Упражнение 2. Напишите цифрами следующие даты: The first of March nineteen seventy six
The fifth of December two thousand
The sixteenth of May nineteen hundred
The third of July nineteen five
In (the year) nineteen ninety seven
In (the year) nineteen eighty one
In (the year) two thousand fivе
Упражнение 3. Напишите по - английски: 1) 7 марта 1999 года; 2) 1 сентября 1974 года; 3) 22 апреля 1911 года; 4) 11 марта 1951 года; 5) 12 декабря 2004 года; 6) 4 июля 1965 года; 7) 28 декабря 1988 года; 8) 22 августа 1992 года.
Упражнение 4. Переведите на английский язык. A. 1) 220 дней; 2) 1500 человек; 3) 20545 книг; 4) 100 страниц; 5) 300 тетрадей.
B. 1) первый автобус; 2) вторая страница; 3) миллионный посетитель; 4) часть первая; 5) номер десятый.
С. 1) два миллиарда человек; 2) миллионы книг; 3) триста восемьдесят пять страниц; 4) двадцать первое декабря 1997 года; 5) двенадцатое марта 2000 года.
Упражнение 5. Прочтите и переведите предложения.
N. E. Zhukovsky was born on the 17th of January, 1847 in Orekhovo of Vladimir region.
Zhukovsky entered the Moscow University and became a student of the Mathematical Department. He graduated from it in 1868.
In 1870 Zhukovsky accepted the post of a physics teacher at the Moscow gymnasium for girls and in 1872 he was offered to be a teacher of mathematics at the Moscow Technical Institute.
At the Institute he began to be interested in mechanics. The first scientific work of the scientist appeared in 1876.
On his initiative the Central Aero – Hydrodynamic Institute was founded in 1918.
On the 17th of March, 1921 N. E. Zhukovsky died after long disease.
Упражнение 6. Составьте диалог - расспрос на тему “Моя биография”. Работайте в парах по образцу: Студент 1 - Where and when were you born?
Студент 2 - I was born …
Студент 1 - Did you go to the kindergarten? When?
Студент 2 - I went to the kindergarten at the age …(from…till)
Студент 1 – When did you go to school?
Студент 2 – When I was 6 I went to… .
Студент 1 – When did you leave school?
Студент 2 – I left … in… .
Студент 1 – What educational institution did you enter?
Студент 2 – I entered … и т.д.
Биография Н.Е. Жуковского Упражнение 1. Прочтите и переведите текст. N. E. Zhukovsky, a professor of the Moscow University and the Moscow Technical Institute, is the founder of theoretical, technical, and experimental aerodynamics.
He was born on the 17th of January, 1847 in Orekhovo of Vladimir region. His family was intelligent and Nicolay’s parents paid a great deal of attention to the education of their son. Nicolay began to read at an early age and read a lot.
He was sent in to the Moscow gymnasium in 1858 where he was the best pupil in algebra, geometry and natural sciences. After finishing it Zhukovsky entered Moscow University and became a student of the Mathematical Department. He graduated from it in 1868. In 1870 Zhukovsky accepted the post of a physics teacher at the Moscow gymnasium for girls and in 1872 he was offered to be a teacher of mathematics at the Moscow Technical Institute. At the Institute he began to be interested in mechanics. The first scientific work of the scientist appeared in 1876. It was devoted to the research of fluid kinematics. In ten years N. E. Zhukovsky became a professor of Moscow University at the Mechanics Department.
Zhukovsky brought an enormous contribution in the development of fluid mechanics and air – mechanics. The last one he founded as an independent science.
Zhukovsky’s genius shone in a new field of science being theoretical and experimental aerodynamics. He investigated fly trajectory, wing lift, made whirl theory of propeller. On his initiative the Central Aero – Hydrodynamic Institute was founded in 1918.
On the 17th of March, 1921 N. E. Zhukovsky died after long disease. It was a great loss for the Russian scienсe.
Упражнение 2. Ответьте на вопросы.
When and where was Zhukovsky born?
Did his parents pay much attention to the education of their son?
What subjects was Nicolay good in?
What educational institution did Zhukovsky enter after leaving the gymnasium?
What was his first scientific work devoted to?
How old was Zhukovsky when he became a professor of Moscow University?
Why do we call Zhukovsky the founder of aerodynamics?
When did he die?
Упражнение 3. Закончите предложения.
Zhukovsky was born in …
He was sent into the Moscow gymnasium in …
3. He graduated from the Moscow University in …
Zhukovsky accepted the post of physics teacher in …
He was offered to be a teacher of mathematics in …
The first scientific work of the scientist appeared in …
7. The Central Aero – Hydrodynamic Institute was founded in …
8. N. E. Zhukovsky died in …
Упражнение 4. Запомните слова и выражения.
theoretical, experience, aerodynamics, natural sciences, to pay a great deal of attention, education, science, scientist, department, to graduate, research, fluid kinematics, to be interested in, contribution, to fly, development, air – mechanics, to investigate, propeller, theory, scientific work, trajectory, wing lift
Упражнение 5. Приготовьте устное сообщение на тему «Биография Н.Е. Жуковского». Работайте в группах.
1.3 Моя учёба Урок 1.3.7
Распорядок дня студента
Упражнение 1. Прочтите и переведите текст.
My Working Day On weekdays the alarm clock wakes me up at 6.30 and my working day begins. I am not an early riser, that is why it is very difficult for me to get out of bed, especially in winter. I switch on my tape recorder and do my morning exercises. Then I go to the bathroom, take a warm shower, clean my teeth and shave. After that I go to my bedroom to get dressed. Usually my mother makes breakfast for me. But when she is away on business or just does not have to get up early, I make breakfast myself. While having breakfast, I listen to the latest news on the radio. I leave the house at 7. 30 and go to the nearest underground station. Last year I tried to enter the Moscow University. But unfortunately I failed my entrance examinations. So I thought I should work somewhere . It was not easy for me to find a job, but I managed to get a position of a secretary in a small business company. They agreed to take me because I had studied typewriting, computing and business organization at school. And besides, I passed my English school – leaving exam with an excellent mark.
It takes me an hour and a half to get to work. But I do not want to waste my time on the train. I have got a small cassette player and I listen to different texts and dialogues. Sometimes I read a book and retell it silently. If I come across an interesting expression I try to memorize it. I also write some English words on flashcards and learn them.
I usually arrive at work at 10 minutes to nine though my working day begins at 9 sharp. There are always some fax messages to translate from English into Russian. Sometimes my boss wants me to write a letter to our business partners abroad. There are also a lot of phone calls which I have to answer.
At 1 o’clock in the afternoon we have lunch. We usually have lunch in a small cafe just round the corner. At 2 o’clock we come back to work. And we work hard till 5.
During the working day we also have several short coffee breaks. But sometimes we have no time for them.
I come back home at about 7 o’clock in the evening. My parents are usually at home, waiting for me. We have dinner together. Then we sit in the living room, drink tea, watch TV or just talk.
Occasionally I have to stay at work till 6 or even 7 o’clock in the evening. When we have a lot of things to do we go to work on Saturdays. So by the end of the week I get very tired. All I can do on Sundays is to sleep, watch television, listen to music and read something in English.
Упражнение 2. Ответьте на вопросы, опираясь на текст.
Do you get up early? Is it easy for you to get up early?
Do you wake up yourself or does an alarm clock wake you up?
Do you do morning exercises?
Which do you prefer: a hot or a cold shower in the morning?
How long does it take you to get dressed?
What do you usually have for breakfast?
When do you usually leave the house?
Do you study? Where do you study?
What do you usually do on your way to work?
Where do you usually have lunch?
What time do you come home?
How do you spend your evenings?
What time do you usually go to bed?
Обратите внимание на обозначение времени!
Если минутная стрелка находится в правой части циферблата – используется предлог past.
It’s ten past eleven. Десять минут двенадцатого.
It’s a quarter past eleven.Четверть двенадцатого.
It’s half past eleven. Половина двенадцатого.
Если минутная стрелка находится в левой части циферблата - используется предлог to.
It’s ten to twelve. Без десяти двенадцать.
It’s a quarter to twelve. Без четверти двенадцать.
It’s twenty minutes to twelve. Без двадцати минут двенадцать.
It’s eleven sharp. Ровно двенадцать.
Время до полудня обозначается a.m, а после полудня p.m.
10 a.m. – Десять часов утра.
6 p.m. – Шесть часов вечера.
Упражнение 3. Скажите по – английски время: А) 8.05, 8.10, 8.15, 8.20, 8.25, 8.30, 8.35, 8.45, 8.50, 8.55, 9.00
В) 1. без двадцати двенадцать;
2. без четверти три;
3. половина пятого;
4. четверть седьмого;
5. десять минут второго;
6. ровно двенадцать часов.
Упражнение 4. Запомните следующие слова и выражения. To be an early riser – рано вставать
especially – особенно
to do morning exercises – делать утреннюю зарядку
to get dressed – одеваться
unfortunately – к сожалению
to fail – не сдать, провалить
entrance examinations – вступительные экзамены
a position of a secretary – место секретаря
typewriting – машинопись
computing – работа на компьютере
besides – к тому же, кроме того
business organization – делопроизводство
excellent – отличный
to waste time – терять время
to retell – пересказать
to memorize – запомнить
a flashcard – карточка
a fax message – сообщение по факсу
a partner – партнёр
abroad – за границей
a break – перерыв
experience – опыт
Упражнение 5. Опишите друг другу свой утренний распорядок с опорой на текст. Используйте новую лексику. Работайте в парах. Упражнение 6. Расскажите о своём обычном рабочем дне в колледже, используя план на рисунке 1. Упражнение 7. Расскажите, как вы обычно проводите вечернее время, используя план на рисунке 2. Рисунок 1
Урок 1.3.8 Учёба в колледже. Расписание уроков. Учебные предметы. Упражнение 1. Ответьте на вопросы.
When did you leave school?
Where do you study now?
How did you pass your entrance exams?
Are you a full – time or a part – time student?
What year are you in?
What is your future profession?
What are your favourite subjects?
When do your classes begin?
How many classes do you have a day?
Do you study hard?
When do you have session?
Do you like to study?
Упражнение 2. Расскажите, 1. когда вы сдавали вступительные экзамены в колледж;
2. какие отметки вы получили;
3. как вы добираетесь до колледжа;
4. о распорядке дня в колледже;
5. о режиме работы библиотеки (столовой).
Упражнение 3. Опишите письменно свой любимый кабинет, опираясь на фотографии. Используйте конструкции thereis , thereare. Работайте в группах.
Русский язык и литература
Упражнение 4. Прочтите и переведите текст. When you enter the hall of your college you can see the time-table on the wall. There are always many students standing near the time-table and looking for the number of the rooms where they must go to.
Our classes begin at 9 o’ clock in the morning. We have six or eight hours a day with a lunch break.
Our time-table includes obligatory and optional subjects. In the first year all the students of the technical and specialized schools study the same general educational subjects. They are Russian, literature, a foreign language (English, German or French), sciences (physics, mathematics, chemistry), social sciences. We get physical training. The students also begin to study specialized subjects. They are either technical drawing or anatomy and biology, or electronics and strength of materials, or psychology or others.
We have lectures, practice (tutorials) and do laboratory works.
The time-table includes subjects, the names of the teachers, time and numbers of the rooms for each day of the week.
Near the time-table there is an advertisement board advertising running meetings, socials, clubs and society sittings.
We don't go to the college on Sundays. It is a day of.
Упражнение 5. Выпишите из текста слова, обозначающие а) названия предметов, которые вы изучаете;
б) дни недели;
в) названия внеклассных мероприятий.
Отработайте их произношение. Упражнение 6. Ответьте на вопросы. 1. Where is the time-table at your college? 2. When do your classes begin, and when are they over? 3. What subjects does your time-table include? 4. What does the time-table show? 5. What does an advertisement board run?
Упражнение 7.Переведитедиалог. The three L's Characters: Mr.Watson, Jack, his grandson.
Scene: At home.
Mr.Watson: Well, Jack, what did you learn at college this afternoon?
Jack: We didn't learn anything this afternoon. We saw a TV programme.
Mr.Watson: What! Television at college!
Jack: Yes, we've just got a television set, a big one. We're going to see programmes three times a week.
Mr.Watson: We had to work at college when I was a boy. That was a long time ago. Things changed now. It was the three R's in those days.
Jack: Three R's! What are they?
Mr.Watson: Don't you know what the three R's are? Reading, writing and arithmetic , of course.
Jack: Oh, we do those as well. But I like the wireless lessons and now the television programmеs.
Mr.Watson: Yes, I'm sure, you do. It's the three L's today, not the three R's.
Jack: The three L's?
Mr.Watson: Yes, the three L's - listen, look and be lazy.
Упражнение 8.Ответьтенавопросы. 1. Did Jack do anything at college? 2. What did Mr. Watson learn at college? 3. What are the three R's? 4. What are the three L's?
Упражнение 9. Посмотрите на данное ниже расписание. - Перерисуйте расписание в тетрадь и заполните пустые клетки названиями предметов, которые вы изучаете в колледже; - Прочтите расписание на каждый день недели;
- Назовите предметы, которые вам нравятся больше всего; - Назовите предметы, по которым вы занимаетесь в кружках, студенческом научном обществе или секциях.
10.45 – 12.10
13.05 – 14.35
14.45 – 16.20
Упражнение 10. Заполните графы своего расписания, в котором указаны: Day, Subject, Teacher, Time, Room. Урок 1.3.9
Система образования в России. Конструкция “to be going to”. Предлоги времени.
Планирование рабочего дня.
I am going to read this book.
Я прочитаю этy книгу.
I was going to read this book when you came.
Я собирался прочитать эту книгу, когда вы пришли.
He is going to do this work.
Он сделает эту работу.
They are going to speak to the engineer.
Они поговорят с инженером.
Is your friend going to see this film? Yes, he(she) is. He (she) is going to see this film. (No, he (she) is not going to see this film.)
Are you going to ask him (her) about it? Yes, I am. I am going to ask him (her) about it. (No, I am not. I am not going to ask him (her) about it.)
Are your friends going to come skiing with you? Yes, they are. They are going to come skiing with us. (No, they are not. They are not going to come skiing with us.)
Were you going to read it yesterday? Yes, I was. I was going to read it yesterday. (No, I was not. I was not going to read it yesterday.)
Was your brother going to read it? Yes, he was. He was
going to read it.
Were your friends going to read it? No, they were not. They were not going
to read it.
Оборот tobegoingto , как и глаголы shall и will , является показателем будущего времени.
Оборот tobegoingto можно также перевести на русский язык
как собираться (сделать что-нибудь). Например: She is going to be a doctor.
После оборота tobegoingto не следует употреблять глаголы togoи tocome.
Упражнение 1. Раскройте скобки и употребите конструкцию tobegoing + инфинитив. - What you (to do) with that vase, Mary?
- I (to put) it on the radio, John.
- Don’t do that, give it me.
- What you (to do) with it?
- I (to put) it here, in front of the window.
- Be careful! Do not drop it! Put it here, on this shelf.
- There we are! It is a lovely vase.
- Those flowers are lovely too.
Упражнение 2. Посмотрите на картинки и ответьте на вопросы к тексту. 1) Is the man going to read?
2) Is he going to read or to write?
3) Is he going to read a newspaper?
4) What is he going to read?
1) Are the boys going to swim?
2) Are they going to swim far?
3) Where are they going to swim?
4) Are they going to swim across the river?
5) What are they going to do?
1) What was Sokolov going to do when Stogov came in?
2) What was he going to take?
3) Where was he going to put them?
4) Were Sokolov and Stogov going to study together?
5) Were they going to read books together?
6) What were they going to do?
Предлоги времени 1. after - после (after dinner – после обеда);
- через (after a week – через неделю);
2. before - до (before ten o’clock – до десяти часов);
- перед (before the war – перед войной);
3. by - к (by 3 o’clock – к трём часам);
4. during - во время (during my holidays – во время моих каникул);
5. for - в течение (for two hours – в течение двух часов);
- на (for a week – на неделю);
6. from … till - от (с) … до (from 1990 till 1999);
7. in - в (in 1998);
- через (in a month - через месяц);
8. on - в (определённый день), (on Monday);
9. since - с (since1994 – c 1994г.);
10. at - в (at 9 o’clock – в 9 часов).
Упражнение 3. Вставьте подходящие предлоги. 1. The banks close…7 o’clock … the evening.
2. He usually leaves home early … the morning and comes back late … night.
3. He became famous only …his death.
4. The play begins … half past seven.
5. We arrived … London … the 13th … April and left … Oxford only … June.
6. Shakespeare died … 1616.
7. Bye, see you … Tuesday!
8. Alice goes to the swimming-pool … every Saturday.
9. Bob is going to play tennis … next Sunday.
10. I’m going to visit my friends … the end … September.
11. … last summer we spent our holiday in France.
12. I hope you feel better … the time you get this letter.
13. She lived in that house … 1985 … 1988.
14. Mrs. Jackson lived in England … three years.
15. I haven’t seen her … Monday.
16. Chris’s gone, but he’ll return … an hour.
17. She got married … the age … 19.
18. The train starts … 8.50, so you’d better be … the station … time.
Упражнение 4. Приготовьте устное сообщение на тему “Как я планирую свой рабочий день”, используя конструкцию to be going + инфинитив и предлоги времени.
Упражнение 5. Прочтите и переведите текст. Education in Russia In the Russian Federation the school education is compulsory. Pupils begin to go to school at the age of six or seven. When they complete the 9th form they can either continue to study at school for 2 years, or go to professional schools where they study not only main subjects, but are able to learn some professions. When school pupils leave school they can try to continue their education at institutes or universities.
There are many types of schools in Russia: specialized, polytechnical, musical, art and others. Nowadays some new types of schools appeared: gymnasiums and colleges. Citizens of Russia have the right to education which is guaranteed by the Constitution. The public educational system in our country incorporates pre-school, general school, specialized secondary and higher education.
Pre-schools consist of kindergartens and crèches. Children there learn reading, writing and arithmetic. But pre-school education isn’t compulsory - children can get it at home.
Compulsory education is for children from 6 (7) to 17 years of age. There are various types of schools: general secondary schools, schools specializing in a certain subject, high schools, lyceum and so on. Tuition in most of them is free of charge, but some new types of schools are free-paying. The term of study at a general secondary school is 11 years and consists of primary, middle and upper stages.
After the 9th form pupils have to take examinations. Also they have a choice between entering the 10th grade of a general secondary school and entering a specialized secondary or vocational school.
Persons who finish the general secondary school, receive a secondary education certificate, giving them the right to enter any higher educational establishment. Entrance examinations are held in July and August. Institutions are headed by rectors; the faculties are headed by the deans. One has to study at the institute for 5 years. Higher educational institutions train students in one or several specializations.
Упражнение 6. Найдите английские эквиваленты русским словам.
education a) в возрасте
compulsory b) образование
middle c) средний
at the age d) платный
free of charge e) обязательный
fee-paying f) аттестат о среднем
primary g) декан
certificate h) бесплатный
еntrance examinations i) вступительные
10. dean j) начальный
Упражнение 7. Найдитеантонимы. 1) to enter the university a) high school
2) primary school b) free - paying
3) free of charge c) elder
4) junior d) to fail exam
5) the beginning of the term e) pre-school education
6) to pass exam f) to graduate from the
7) school education g) the end of the term
Упражнение 8. Выберите предложения, соответствующие содержанию текста.
Pre – school consists of kindergartens and lyceum.
Compulsory education is for children from 6 (7) to 18 years
When students complete high grades they can continue to
study for 2 years or go to professional schools.
The public education system in Russia incorporates general
school and high school.
After the 9th form pupils have to take examinations.
Entrance examinations are held in July and August.
b) a person who finishes a general secondary school
c) a place where students can get any necessary look
d) high educational establishment
e) a school for junior students
f) school specialized in certain subjects
g) a period of study including two or three terms
Упражнение 1. Прочтите и переведите текст. Education in Great Britain
The system of education in Great Britain is determined by the National Education Acts. Schools in England are supported from public funds. There are several basic features of public education in Britain. Firstly, there are wide variations between one part of the country and another. Secondly, education in Britain reflects the country’s social system: it is class - divided and selective. The first division is between those who pay and those who do not pay. The English school syllabus is divided into Arts and Sciences, which determines the division of the secondary school pupils into study groups. The National Education Act of 1944 provided three stages of education. Compulsory schooling in England and Wales lasts 11 years, from the age of 5 to 16. After the age of 16 a growing number of schoolchildren are staying on at school, some until 18 or 19, the age of entry into higher educational universities. British University courses are rather short, generally lasting for 3 years. The cost of education depends on the college and speciality which one chooses.
In some areas of England there are nursery schools for children under 5 years of age. Some children between 2 and 5 receive education in nursery classes or in infant classes at primary schools. Most children start school at 5 at a primary school.
A primary school may be divided into two parts – infants and juniors. At 7 children go from the infant schools to the junior schools. They study reading, composition, history, geography, nature study. Art and music, physical education, swimming are also on the timetable. The pupils are streamed according to their abilities to learn into A, B, C streams.
After the age of 11 most children go to comprehensive school the majority of which are for both – boys and girls. About 90% of all state – financed secondary schools are of this type. Most other children receive secondary education at grammar and secondary modern schools. At 18 most public school – leavers gain entry to universities.
The academic year at Britain’s Universities, Polytechnics, Colleges of education is divided into three terms, which usually run from the beginning of October to the middle of December, from the middle of January to the end of March, and from the middle of April to the end of June or the beginning of July.
There are 46 universities in Britain. English Universities greatly differ from each other. They differ in date of foundation, size, history, tradition, general organization, methods of instruction, and way of student life. After three years of study a university graduate gets the Degree of Bachelor of Arts, Science, Engineering, Medicine, etc. Later he may continue to take the Master’s Degree and then the Doctor’s Degree. Research is an important feature of university work.
Упражнение 2. Выберите правильные предложения.
The system of education in Great Britain are determined by the
National Education Acts.
2. The system of education in Great Britain is determined by the
National Education Acts.
3. A primary school may be divided into two parts – infants and
4. A primary school may be divided into three parts – infants and
5. There is 46 universities in Britain.
6. There are 46 universities in Britain.
7. The pupils are streamed in to A, B, C, D streams.
8. The teachers are streamed to A, B, C, D streams.
Упражнение 3. Вставьте предлоги. 1. After the age of 11 most children go to comprehensive school the majority … which are … both – boys and girls.
2. … some areas of England there are nursery schools for children … 5 years … age.
3. There are 46 universities … Britain.
4. … three years of study at the university a graduate leave it … the Degree of Bachelor of Arts, Science, Engineering, Medicine, etc.
5. … 90% of all state – financed secondary schools are of this type.
(about, for, of, in, with, under, after) Упражнение 4. Выберите глаголы, которые могут употребляться со следующими существительными. 1. education
a) to get
b) to do
c) to go
d) to send
a) to read
b) to write
c) to pass
d) to make
a) to receive
b) to go to
c) to have
d) to get
a) to deliver
b) to do
c) to test
d) to send
a) to have
b) to make
c) to be
d) to do
a) to graduate from
b) to finish
c) to complete
d) to stop
7. general education certificate
a) to receive
b) to do
c) to make
d) to buy
Упражнение 5. Подберите односложные ответы к каждому вопросу.
1) How long do you have to study at the institute in Russia?
2) What do persons who finish the general secondary school receive?
3) How long are British University courses?
4) When do most Russian children start schooling?
5) How many universities are there in Britain?
6) What is an important part of university work?
7) What new types of school appeared nowadays?
a) Secondary education certificate.
b) Three years.
c) At six or seven.
d) For five years.
e) Forty six.
g) Gymnasiums and colleges.
Упражнение 6. Вставьте пропущенные слова в предложения.
Many students take an active part in the ….
concerts b) social work c) discos
There is a … at the university.
swimming pool b) scientific society c) large cinema
Compulsory education is for children from 6 to … years of age.
15 b) 18 c) 17
After the 9th form pupils have to take ….
exams b) lectures c) classes
High educational institutions … students in one or several specializations.
a) teach b)study c) train
The academic year in Great Britain is divided into three ….
a) terms b) months c) weeks
The Future Indefinite (Simple) Tense
Будущее неопределённое (простое) время
Обозначает: однократные, повторяющиеся или постоянные действия и состояния, относящиеся к будущему времени.
Часто употребляется со словами tomorrow, nextweek (month, year). My friend will go to London next Sunday. Образуется: при помощи вспомогательных глаголов shall (для 1 лица единственного и множественного числа) и will (во всех остальных случаях).
В последнее время will употребляется во всех лицах. Обычно употребляется сокращенная форма вспомогательных глаголов, присоединяемая к личному местоимению или существительному-подлежащему.
Вопросительная формаFutureIndefinite образуется по общему правилу путем постановки вспомогательного глагола перед подлежащим, а основы инфинитива смыслового глагола – после него.
Отрицательная форма FutureIndefinite образуется при помощи отрицательной частицы not, которая ставится между вспомогательным глаголом и основой инфинитива смыслового глагола.
Сокращенныеформы:shall not = shan’t и will not = won’t, а так же – I’ll not (you’ll not и т.д.).
I shall/will work
He’ll, she’ll, it’ll work
We’ll, you’ll, they’ll work
Shall/will I work?
Will he, she, it work?
Shall we work?
Will you, they work?
I shall/will not work
He, she, it will not work
We shall not work
You, they will not work
Упражнение 7. Укажите номера предложений, сказуемые которых стоят в форме Future Simple Tense. 1. I knew the results. 2. Will you be in Moscow tomorrow? 3. Did he spend his holidays in Washington or in New York? 4. He always smokes before lunch. 5. The children will help mother to do the washing-up. 6. The Wilsons normally have breakfast at 7 o’clock. 7. I will stop here for a moment to get some petrol. 8. It was a good place for dancing.
Упражнение 8. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в форме Future Simple Tense. 1. I (to see) them next Saturday. 2. They (to be) here tomorrow. 3. We (to have) the test in a week. 4. She (to spend) holidays in the country. 5. The journey (to take) three hours. 6. I (to open) the door for you. 7. I (to go) to school tomorrow? 8. They (to come) back next week? 9. We (to leave) Kiev this evening? 10. You (to wait) for me? 11. Nick (to finish) school next year? 12. She (to agree) with you? 13. I (not to swim) tomorrow. 14. He (not to play) in the garden. 15. The weather (not to be) fine on Sunday. 16. We (not to be) busy in the evening. 17. Sheila (not to get) passport next year. 18. Why your father (to help) you? 19. When she (to study) English? 20. How we (to get) there? 21. How long the journey (to take)?
Упражнение 9. Переведите предложения. Поставьте их в отрицательную форму. Задайте общий вопрос к каждому предложению. 1. They will go to the restaurant. 2. I will have steak for dinner. 3. Mary will have fish. 4. Kate will go sightseeing. 5. I shall stay at home. 6. Barbara will come home late. 7. Nick will come here again next month. 8. The library will open at 8 o’clock. 9. Sam will bring some tapes and we shall listen to music and dance. 10. I think we shall order some light wine and shall take something very delicious. 11. The weather will be unpredictable next day. 12. It will be warm and sunny. 13. They will play chess tomorrow. 14. I will get a medical checkup. 15. We shall come to our place next Sunday. 16. She will dance tomorrow. 17. They will take care of the garden next summer.
Упражнение 10. Задайте к предложениям специальные вопросы, используя вопросительные слова в скобках. 1. They will eat eggs for breakfast. (what?) 2. She will go to the cinema after school. (where?) 3. You will eat apples tomorrow. (who?) 4. My daughter will go to the village next summer. (when?)
5. He will spend summer very merrily. (how?) 6. We shall come home so late tomorrow because we shall be very busy. (why?)
Упражнение 11.Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present, Past или Future Simple Tense. 1. I (to go) to bed at 10 o'clock every day. 2. I (to go) to bed at 10 o'clock yesterday. 3. (to go) to bed at 10 o'clock tomorrow. 4. I (not to go) to the cinema every day. 5. I (not to go) to the cinema yesterday. 6. I (not to go) to the cinema tomorrow. 7. You (to watch) TV every day? 8. You (to watch) TV yesterday? 9. You (to watch) TV tomorrow? 10. When you (to leave) home for school every day? 11. When you (to leave) home for school yesterday? 12. When you (to leave) home for school tomorrow? 13. My brother (to go) to work.
Упражнение 12. Переведите предложения на английский язык. 1. Каждое утро он включает телевизор. 2. Прошлым летом я был очень занят и не поехал на Алтай. 3.Через 2 года у меня будет много денег.4. Им понравился вчера концерт? 5. Кто позаботится о детях в будущем? 6. Как часто ты ходишь к зубному врачу? 7. Она не умеет работать на компьютере. 8. Кто придумал Санта Клауса? 9. Что твои соседи делали вчера вечером? 10. По вечера молодые люди слушают громкую музыку. 11. Мы поедем на железнодорожный вокзал встречать маму.
Упражнение 13. a) Say who you will see next morning (day) on the way to the college. Example: I will see our doctor on my way to the college next morning.
b) Tell the group what games you will
play next summer (winter). Example: I will play chess next summer.
Упражнение 14. Complete the sentences.
Example: He has dinner at three o'clock every day, but tomorrow he will have dinner at four.
He goes home at one o'clock, but tomorrow . . .
She takes three notebooks to school, but tomorrow…
Every summer he lives in the country, but next summer . . .
My uncle comes to our house every Sunday, but next Sunday he. . .
My father works from nine till five, but next week . . .
She goes to bed at ten o'clock, but tomorrow . . .
Упражнение 15. Complete the sentences and make a story. Use the Future Indefinite Tense. In August I ... at a camp. The camp ... in a big forest. We ... to the forest every day. Our teacher ... us many birds in the forest, and I
… the names of many birds. We … in the little river near our camp.
In the afternoon we … volleyball, basketball and other games. I … table tennis well. I ... very nice time at the camp. My friend Nick ... many pictures of us.
Упражнение 16. Ask and answer the questions. Work in pairs.
My sister will wear her new blouse. (when?)
I will have a lot of work to do. (why?)
Mary will have many good friends. (who?)
He will repair his bicycle in the morning (with whom?)
My father will go home by car. (when?)
She will take medicine. (how often?)
I am going to travel. (where?)
They will publish some books in July. (how many?)
Упражнение 17. Describe using the Future Simple Tense:
what this family will do at breakfast tomorrow in the morning;
what you will do tomorrow in the morning, in the afternoon and in the evening.