1. a train ____ Moscow 5. ____ the ten o’clock show
A to B for C on A on B in C at
2. a ticket ____ the plane 6. a visit ____ a college
A on B to C for A on B at C in D to
3. the plans ____ the future 7. ____ John’s birthday
A for B on C to A on B at C in
4. He is ____ his sister’s 8. What are the office hours ____ you?
A by B near C at A at B by C near D with
2. Поставьте правильные предлоги места
_____ the South; _____ the stadium; ______ the corner; ________the post-office; ______ the factory; ______ the meeting; _______ the sky; _________ the hostel; ______ the station; ______ the fifth floor; _______ the concert; _____ the picture; ______ the apple-tree; _____ the forest; _______the newspaper; _______ Ottava; _______ the chemist’s; ________ the USA; _________ the air.
above across against among around behind towards below beneath beside onto over out of
a. The cowboy leant ___________ the bar in the saloon, drinking a beer.
b. She took her purse ______________ her bag and paid the taxi driver.
c. Our cat just loves to curl up ______________ the fire and go to sleep.
d. The view from the top of the mountain was breathtaking. We could see the town and the river _____________ us, and people who looked like ants.
e. Last night the temperature fell to three degrees ______________ zero.
f. The burglar heard a noise coming from upstairs, so he hid ____________ the curtains.
g. The dog jumped ____________ my lap, and settled down for a good sleep.
h. The hunter froze as the tiger started running _____________ him. He had nowhere to hide.
i. She has beautiful works of art all _____________ her house, even in the kitchen and the bedroom.
j. These days, politicians like to walk ____________ the crowds, shaking hands and saying one or two words.
k. He climbed _____________ the wall and ran _______________ the field.
l. The plane took off and was soon flying __________________ the clouds.
Тема 9. Свободное время
Прочитайте и запомните следующие слова и словосочетания
hurry - спешить
character — характер
taste — вкус
according to — по, согласно
to include — включать
variety — разнообразие
activity — занятие
gardening — садоводство
grown-up — взрослый (человек)
relatively — относительно, сравнительно
painting — живопись
sculpture — скульптура
to design — создавать, моделировать, конструировать
costume — одежда, костюм
handicraft — ремесло, ручная работа
hobbyist — любитель, человек имеющий определенное хобби
saxophone — саксофон
to collect — собирать
stamp — марка
coin — монета
matchbox — спичечный коробок
record — пластинка
postcard — почтовая открытка
value — ценность
valuable — ценный, дорогой
to house — помещать, размещать
in a small way — в малом масштабе, понемногу
item — предмет
a good deal of — много
rare — редкий
private — частный, личный
to take pleasure in — получать удовольствие от
no matter what kind of hobby a person has — чем бы человек ни увлекался
opportunity — возможность
to add — добавлять
exciting — увлекательный, захватывающий
aspect — аспект, сторона
Прочитайте и переведите текст
Most people in our country work five days a week, but students and pupils work six days. They have only one day off. It is Sunday.
I like this day very much. You needn’t hurry anywhere, and you may go wherever you like after your week’s work. I meet my friends, and we discuss our plans together. We can go to the theatre or cinema, to museums and parks.
In winter my friends and I often go to the skating-rink: skating is my favorite kind of sport, but I like to ski too. When the weather is bad my friends come to my place.
We listen to the music or go to the cinema. We like films about the life of the youth abroad. On the way home we usually discuss the films we’ve seen. In the evening all the members of our family get together. We have our supper, make plans for tomorrow, watch TV or read books. Reading is my hobby.
Hobbies differ like tastes. If you have chosen a hobby according to your character and taste you are lucky because your life becomes more interesting.
Hobbies are divided into four large classes: doing things, making things, collecting things, and learning things.
The most popular of all hobby groups is doing things. It includes a wide variety of activities, everything from gardening to travelling and from chess to volleyball.
Gardening is one of the oldest of man's hobbies. It is a well-known fact that the English are very fond of gardening and growing flowers, especially roses.
Both grown-ups and children are fond of playing different computer games. This is a relatively new hobby but it is becoming more and more popular.
Making things includes drawing, painting, making sculpture, designing costumes, handicrafts. Two of the most famous hobby painters were President Eisenhower and Sir Winston Churchill. Some hobbyists write music or play musical instruments.
President Bill Clinton, for example, plays the saxophone. Almost everyone collects something at some period in his life: stamps, coins, match boxes, books, records, postcards, toys, watches. People with a good deal of money often collect paintings, rare books and other art objects. Often such private collections are given to museums, libraries and public galleries so that others might take pleasure in seeing them.
No matter what kind of hobby a person has, he always has the opportunity of learning from it. By reading about the things he is interested in, he is adding to what he knows. Learning things can be the most exciting aspect of a hobby.
Education in Britain is compulsory and free for all children betw een the ages of 5-16. About 93 percent of all children are educated in state schools and the rest attend private schools.
Schoolchildren attend a primary school for 6 years (5 to 11 years). When students transfer to Secondary School at the age of 11, they do not take any examination, but their reports are sent on from the Primary School.
Most children – over 80 percent – go to a comprehensive school. "Comprehensive" means all-inclusive. They admit pupils of all abilities. Pupils in all state in schools in England and Wales study 10 main subjects, among them: English, Mathematics, Science, History, Geography, Art, Music, Physical Education, Information Technology. Religious education is also taught. Attainment tests are given at the ages of 7, 11 and 14.
At the age of 16 students sit the exams in as many subjects as possible. Weak students may only sit for three or four subjects. Better students take ten subjects. At the age of 16 about two thirds of these pupils leave school and get jobs. About one-third stay on at school until the age of 18, preparing themselves for higher education.
More ambitious pupils continue to study in the 6th form. They stay on at school for one or two years to prepare themselves for university. They have only three or four main subjects, which are necessary to pass the advanced level exams at the age of 18. The school year is divided into three terms with the intervals between them during Christmas and Easter holidays lasting about two weeks each and summer holiday which is usually six weeks long. All kinds of out-of-class activities are part of school life in Britain. Most schools have very good libraries which students use for reference work.
2. Найдите в тексте синонимы следующих слов и выражений
to fail an exam
3. Ответьте на вопросы
When do British children start schooling?
How do they call schools for five years old children?
Is primary school compulsory for children or not?
In what types of schools is primary education given in Britain?
At what age do children usually finish infant & junior schools?
After finishing primary school children go to secondary schools, don’t they?
What types of secondary school do you know?
How long can pupils stay in secondary schools?
When do they take their 1st public exam?
Where will children go after the fifth form if they decide to continue their education?
Is schooling in the sixth form compulsory in Britain?
What kind of exam do they take after the sixth form?
Where will children go after the fifth form if they decide to leave school?
4. Прочитайте предложения и отметьте правильные предложения словом Correct, а неправильные словом Wrong:
Comprehensive schools were introduced in 1945 .
At the age of 11 all children took an exam called “eleven-plus.
After taking this exam all children go to the best state school called “grammar school”.
Those who failed the exam go to secondary modem schools .
Modern schools do not prepare pupils for universities .
All people in Britain liked this system of selection at the age of 11.
That is why comprehensive schools were introduced.
The school year is divided into four terms with the intervals between them during Christmas and Easter holidays lasting about two weeks each and summer holiday which is usually six weeks long.
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Тема 2. Система образования в России
Прочитайте и переведите текст
Education in Russia
Education is an important part of modern life. Being educated means to know a lot of necessary and useful things for life, which is why every decent person studies at school. Originally Russian education starts from the early age. Children can start going to kindergarten from the age of two, but this is not a compulsory education. It depends on parents’ decision and child’s wish to attend this institution. However, school is mandatory. Every child starts going to school from the age of seven and till 16. Mandatory education in Russia is presented by three types of schools: primary, secondary and high. The primary school teaches its pupils elementary skills, such as reading, writing, counting. Many schools also offer foreign languages or some other special disciplines at this age.
The most important period is the secondary school, which starts from the 4th or 5th grade, depending on school. This is the time when children start learning Biology, Geography, Chemistry, Physics, Computing, and many other new subjects. At the 9th grade children face a very important period in their life. They have to choose whether to continue school education, or to leave for other types of educational institutions, such as college, specialized schools and else. If the pupil decides to continue studying in high school, which lasts for two years, he can enter the university after school graduation. Of course, it’s only the general pattern of education in Russia, but there can also be some exceptions nowadays. For example, there are lots of special schools, where they pay attention only to particular subjects. Also, apart from state schools, there are a number of private schools, where education is not free of charge.
Найдите английские эквиваленты в тексте
Образование является важной частью современной жизни.
Каждый ребенок начинает ходить в школу с 6 лет и до 16.
4. Прочитайте предложения, отметьте правильные предложения словом Correct, а неправильные словом Wrong:
There are two types of Britain’s schools: state and private schools;
Private schools are not expensive;
Kindergarten and nursery schools are optional;
Primary school in Britain consists of infant school and secondary school;
Comprehensive schools are schools which take children of all abilities;
At the age of 18 pupils take their GCSE exams;
Secondary education is compulsory for all children in Russia;
In Russia at 17(18) pupils graduate from school and can’t continue their education.
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Тема 3. Современный мир профессий
Прочитайте и переведите стихотворение
I Want to Be Some people often say to mе:
"Have you decided what you want to bе?"
I usually answer, "I don't know,"
But it isn't really so.
I want to win аn Olympic race,
I want to see the Earth from space,
I want to travel to Katmandu
I want to bе rich and famous, too.
I want to bе оn Hollywood's screen,
I want to invent а new machine,
I want to bе very clever and wise,
I want to win the Nobel prize,
But most of all, I want to bе
Healthy and strong, and nice.
Прочитайте, запомните следующие слова и словосочетания
выпускник учебного заведения;
представдять кого – либо, знакомить
Дополните предложения, используя новые слова
1 An………………..is a book or some papers about the company.
2 To…………………is to tell someone your name for the first time.
3 A………………….is when someone shows you where everything is.
4 An…………………is when new workers listen to some presentations to
learn more about the company.
5 A…………………..is a new worker who has just finished at university.
6 A new worker is called a……………………….
4. Переведите названия профессий.
Охарактеризуйте качества которыми присуще этим профессиям, используя слова и словосочетания данные ниже
British people dream of careers where they can care for other people, says Britishlife Research. If they don't need to think about money, then the top dream job for the United Kingdom men and women is charity work.
There is a saying, 'Never work with children or animals', but working with animals is the second favourite dream job for women. They also chose nursing and teaching in the top ten.
But British men, too, chose working with animals in their top ten. They also included being an artist. The research also shows that TV affects people's dreams.
As gardening is very popular on British TV, it is in the top ten for both men and women. It is perhaps because of the children's TV character, Bob the Builder that being a builder is the third most popular job for men.
1. Прочитайте и запомните следующие слова и выражения
a tractor-driver of agricultural production
a harvest combine
тракторист-машинист сельскохозяйственного производства
2. Прочитайте и переведите текст
My Future Profession
Centuries ago there were only a few jobs: people were farmers, bakers, butchers or salesmen. Today there are thousands of different kinds of jobs, and new ones are constantly appearing. And the problem of choosing the future profession has always been very important and difficult matter because it determines our future life in many ways. It is one of the most important decisions for every person.
As for me I want to be a tractor-driver of agricultural production. The tractor is one of the most important and easily recognizable technological components of modern agriculture.
The tractor driver of agricultural production is the most widespread profession among villagers. The eternal dream of the farmer to find to himself the reliable assistant in hard country work was embodied in a tractor. To count all his duties is not so easy. There is a business for him all the year round.
The tractor driver is able to operate different types of tractors, harvest combines, lorries. He watches for their technical serviceability and carries out simple repair of equipment, makes plowing and sowing, cleans and makes crop transportation, etc. During his work he watches indications of devices, listens to operation of the engine, watches for the condition of the vehicle.
Our farm needs well-trained drivers for powerful tractors.
3. Разделите текст на логические части и озаглавьте их
Найдите в текcте эквиваленты a) слов и словосочетаний, b) предложений
а) Несколько столетий назад, несколько профессий, проблема выбора будущей профессии, что касается меня, управлять, двигатель.
b) Сегодня есть тысячи различных видов профессий, и новые постоянно появляются.
Тракторист-машинист - наиболее распространенная профессия среди сельских жителей. Тракторист-машинист умеет управлять различными видами тракторов, уборочными комбайнами, грузовыми машинами. Он следит за их технической исправностью и осуществляет несложный ремонт техники.
Восстановите по памяти (на русском языке), в каком контексте упоминаются следующие словосочетания: