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Майкл Вайс Исламское государство. Армия террора




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  • Глава 8
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1 Edward Wong, „An Iraqi Tribal Chief Opposes the Jihadists, and Prays“ New York Times, March 3, 2007, www.nytimes. com/2007/03 /03 /world /middleeast/03sheik.html.

2 Eyal Zisser, „Hafiz al Asad Discovers Islam“ Middle East Quarterly, March 1999, www.meforum.org/465/hafiz al asad discov ers islam.

3 Fares Akram, „Hamas Leader Abandons Longtime Base in Damascus“ New York Times, January 27, 2012. www.nytimes. com/2012/01/28/world/middleeast/khaled meshal the leader of hamas vacates damascus.html.

4 David Axe, „Iran Transformed Syria’s Army into a Militia that Will Help Assad Survive Another Year“ Reuters, December 17, 2014, blogs.reuters.com/great debate/2014/12/16/iran transformed syrias army into a militia that will help assad sur vive another year; Amos Harel, „Iran, Hezbollah Significantly Increases Aid to Syria’s Assad“ Haaretz, April 6, 2012, www. haaretz.com/news/middle east/iran hezbollah significantly increase aid to syria s assad 1.422954.

5 „Three Major Terror Busts in Iraq – Iran, Syria Connections Exposed, Say US Officials“ ABC News, March 22, 2007, abcnews. go.com/blogs/headlines/2007/03/three_major_ter; Burke, The 9/11 Wars, 171.

6 Bill Roggio, „А1 Qaeda in Iraq Operative Killed Near Syrian Border Sheds Light on Foreign Influence“ The Long War Journal , October 3, 2007, www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2007/10/al_ qaeda_in_iraq_ope.php.

7 Peter Bergen, Joseph Felter, Vahid Brown, and Jacob Shapiro, Bombers, Bank Accounts, & Bleedout: Al Qa f ida f s Road In and out of Iraq, Combating Terrorism Center at West Point, July 2008, https: //www.ctc.usma.edu/wp content/uploads/2011/12/Sinjar_2_ FINAL.pdf.

8 Там же.

9 Там же.

10 Burke, The 9/11 Wars, 171.

11 Интервью, взятое одним из авторов, декабрь 2014 г.

12 Интервью, взятое одним из авторов, декабрь 2014 г.

13 Интервью, взятое одним из авторов, декабрь 2014 г.

14 „Death of a Cleric“ NOW Lebanon, October 5,2007, now.mmedia. me/lb/en/commentaryanalysis/death_of_a_cleric.

15 Там же.

16 Там же.

17 Интервью, взятое одним из авторов, декабрь 2014 г.

18 Интервью, взятое одним из авторов, декабрь 2014 г.

19 Graham Bowley and Souad Makhennet, „Fugitive Sunni Leader Thought to Have Been Captured or Killed in Syria“ New York Times, November 10, 2008, www.nytimes. com/2008/12/10/world/africa/10iht syria.4.18569673.html.

20 Gordon & Trainor, The Endgame, 231.

21 Ian Black and Martin Chulov, „Leading Syrian Regime Figures Killed in Damascus Bomb Attack“ The Guardian, July 18, 2012, www.theguardian.com/world/2012/jul/18/syrian regime fig ures bomb attack; Michael Weiss, „What the Assault on the Assad Regime Means“ The Telegraph, July 20, 2012, blogs.telegraph. co.uk/news /michaelweiss /100171767 /what the assault on the assad regime means.

22 Bill Roggio, „US Strike in Syria ‘Decapitated’ al Qaeda’s Facilitation Network“ The Long War Journal, October 27, 2008, www.

longwarjournal.org/archives/2008/10/us_strike_in_sjTia_d.

php.

23 „Gen. Patraeus’s Meeting with P. M. Maliki“ Wikileaks, January 7, 2009, www.wikileaks.org/plusd/cables/09BAGHDAD31_a. html.



24 „Treasury Designates Members of Abu Ghadiyah’s Network Facilitates Flow of Terrorists, Weapons, and Money from Syra to al Qaida in Iraq“ US Department of the Treasury, February 28,2008, www. treasury.gov/press center/press releases/Pages/hp845.aspx.

25 James Joyner, „Zarqawi Financial Network Independent“ Outside the Beltway , January 25,2005, www.outsidethebeltway.com/zar qawi_financial_network_independent.

26 Gordon & Trainor, The Endgame, 461.

27 Roggio, October 2008.

28 Gordon & Trainor, The Endgame, 577.

29 „UK Foreign Secretary Miliband’s Nov. 17–18 Trip to Damascus“ Wikileaks, November 19,2008, www.wikileaks.org/plusd/cables/ 08DAMASCUS821_a.html.

30 „Cable 09DAMASCUS384, Re engaging Syria: Dealing with Sarg Diplomacy“ Wikileaks, June 3, 2009, wikileaks. org/cable/2009/06/09DAMASCUS384.html.

31 Chulov, December 2014.

32 Там же.

33 Steven Lee Myers, „Iraq Military Broadcasts Confession on Bombing“ New York Times, August 23, 2009, www.nytimes. com/2009/08/24/world /middleeast/24iraq.html.

34 „Iraq and Syria Recall Envoys“ Al Jazeera, August25,2009, www.alja zeera.com/news/middleeast/2009/08/20098251602328210.html.

35 Khaled Yacoub Oweis, „US Security Team to Visit Syria, Focus on Iraq“ Reuters, August 11, 2009, www.reuters.com/arti cle/2009/08/ll/us syria usa sb idUSTRE57A5Y120090811.

36 Gordon & Trainor, The Endgame, 610; Hugh Naylor, „Syria is Said to Be Strengthening Ties to Opponents“ New York Times, October 7, 2007, www.nytimes.com/2007/10/07/world/mid dleeast/07syria.html.

37 Tony Badran, „The ‘Lebonization’ of Iraq“ NOW Lebanon, December 22, 2009, now.mmedia.me/lb/en/commentaryanaly sis /the_lebanonization_of_iraq.

38 Chulov, December 2014.

39 „Syrian Intelligence Chief Attends CT Dialogue With S/CT Benjamin“ Wikileaks, February 24,2010, wikileaks.org/plusd/cables/ 10DAMASCUS159_a.html.

40 Там же.

41 Там же.



Глава 8

1 „The Return of Khilafah“ Dabiq, Issue 1, July, 2014, media.clar ionproject.org/files/09 2014/isis isil islamic state magazine Issue l the return of khilafah.pdf.

2 Bill Roggio, „US Kills Senior Syrian based al Qaeda Facilitator in Mosul“ The Long War Journal, January 28,2010, www.longwar journal.org/archives/2010/01/us_kills_senior_syri.php.

3 Там же.

4 Gordon & Trainor, The Endgame, 623.

5 Интервью, взятое одним из авторов, ноябрь 2014 г.

6 Там же.

7 Ruth Sherlock, „How a Talented Footballer Became World’s Most Wanted Man, Abu Bakr al Baghdadi“ The Telegraph, November 11, 2014, www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/mid dleeast/iraq/10948846/How a talented footballer became worlds most wanted man Abu Bakr al Baghdadi.html.

8 Там же.

9 Интервью, взятое одним из авторов, ноябрь 2014 г.

10 Sherlock, November 2014.

11 Hashim, 2014.

12 Chulov, December 2014.

13 Там же.

14 Там же.

15 Там же.

16 Hashim, 2014.

17 Интервью, взятое одним из авторов, октябрь 2014 г.

18 Ben Hubbard and Eric Schmitt, „Military Skill and Terrorist Technique Fuel Success of ISIS“ New York Times, August 27, 2014, mobile.nytimes.com/2014/08/28/world/middleeast/army know how seen as factor in isis successes.html.

19 Ruth Sherlock, „Inside the Leadership of Islamic State: How the New ‘Caliphate’ Is Run“ The Telegraph, July 9, 2014, www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/mid dleeast/iraq/10956280/Inside the leadership of Islamic State how the new caliphate is run.html.

20 Hisham al Hashimi, ’’Revealed: The Islamic State ‘Cabinet, ’ From Finance Minister to Suicide Bomb Deployer» The Telegraph, July 9, 2014, www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/mid dleeast/iraq/10956193/Revealed the Islamic State cabinet from finance minister to suicide bomb deployer.html.

21 Там же.

22 Siobhan Gorman, Nour Malas, and Matt Bradley, «Brutal Efficiency: The Secret to Islamic State’s Success» Wall Street Journal, September 3, 2014, www.wsj.com/articles/the secret to the success of islamic state 1409709762.

23 Siobahn Gorman, Nour Malas, and Matt Bradley, «Disciplined Cadre Runs Islamic State» Wall Street Journal, September 3, 2014, www.wsj.com/articles/

SB20001424052970204545604580127823357609374.

24 «Exclusive: Top ISIS Leaders Revealed» Al Arabiya News, February 13, 2014, english.alarabiya.net/en/News/2014/02/13/Exclu sive Top ISIS leaders revealed.html.

25 Hubbard & Schmitt, 2014.

26 «3 Senior ISIS Leaders Killed in US Airstrikes» CBS News, December 18, 2014, www.cbsnews.com/news/3 senior isis leaders killed in u s airstrikes.

27 Sherlock, July 2014.

28 Hubbard & Schmitt, 2014.

29 Там же.

30 Интервью, взятое одним из авторов, октябрь 2014 г.

31 «Red Bearded Chechen Fighter Is Face of ISIS» Sky News, July 3, 2014, news.sky.com/story/1293797/red bearded chechen fighter is face of isis.

32 Gorman et al. «Disciplined Cadre» 2014.

33 Nina Akhmeteli, «The Georgian Roots of Isis Commander Omar al Shishani» BBC News, July 8, 2014, www.bbc.com/news/world europe 28217590.

34 Там же.

35 Bassem Mroue, «Chechen in Syria a Rising Star in Extremist Group» Associated Press, July 2, 2014, bigstory.ap.org/arti cle/chechen syria rising star extremist group.

36 Akhmeteli, 2014.

37 Mroue, 2014.

38 Joanna Paraszczuk, «The Chechen Leader With a Grudge and the IS Commander with Nine Lives» Radio Free Europe Radio Liberty, November 14, 2014, www.rferl.org/content/islamic state why kadyrov claims shishani killed/26692100.html.

39 Mroue, 2014.

40 Nour Malas and Rima Abushakra, «Islamists Seize Airbase Near Aleppo» Wall Street Journal, August 6,2013, www.wsj.com/arti cles/SB10001424127887323420604578652250872942058.

41 Anne Barnard and Hwaida Saad, «Rebels Gain Control of Government Air Base in Syria» New York Times, August 5, 2013, www. nytimes.com/2013/08/06/world/middleeast/rebels gain control of government air base in syria.html; Michael Weiss, «Col. Oqaidi on al Qaeda, UN Inspectors, and Kurdish Militias» NOW Lebanon, August 18,2013, now.mmedia.me/lb/en/interviews/col oqaidi on al qaeda un inspectors and kurdish militias.

42 Joanna Paraszczuk, «Military Prowess of IS Commander Umar Shishani Called Into Question» Radio Free Europe Radio Liberty, November 6, 2014, www.rferl.org/content/umar shishani military prowess islamic state/26677545.html.

43 Allan Hall, «One of the Teenage Austrian ‘Poster Girls’ Who Ran Away to Join ISIS Has Been Killed in the Conflict, UN Says» Daily

Mail, December 18, 2014, www.dailymail.co.uk/news/arti cle 2879272/One teenage Austrian poster girls ran away join ISIS killed conflict says.html.

44 «Austria Detains Teenage Girls Who Wanted to Marry ISIS Fighters» NBC News, January 11, 2015, www.nbcnews.com/sto ryline/isis terror/austria detains teenage girls who wanted marry isis fighters n284096.

45 «George Orwell Reviews Mein Kampf (1940)» Open Culture, August 19, 2014, www.openculture.com/2014/08/george orwell reviews mein kampf 1940.html.


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