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Майкл Вайс Исламское государство. Армия террора




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1 Rayburn, Iraq After America, 110.

2 Warzer Jaff and Robert E. Worth, «Deadliest Single Attack Since Fall of Hussein Kills More Than 120» New York Times, February 28,2005, www.nytimes.com/2005/02/28/international/middleeast/28cnd iraq. html.

3 «Interview Col. H. R. McMaster» Frontline End Game, June 19, 2007, www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/endgame/inter views/mcmaster.html.

4 Gordon & Trainor, The Endgame, 36.

5 Интервью, взятое одним из авторов, декабрь 2014 г.

6 Napoleoni, Insurgent Iraq, 190.

7 «Anbar Before and After The Awakening Pt. IX: Sheik Sabah Aziz of the Albu Mahal» Musings on Iraq blog, January 23, 2014, musingsoniraq.blogspot.com/2014/01/anbar before and after awakening pt ix.html.

8 Hannah Allam and Mohammed al Dulaimy, «Marine led Campaign Kill Friends and Foes, Iraqi Leaders Say» McClatchy DC via

Knight Ridder Newspapers, May 16, 2005, www.mcclatchydc. com/2005/05/16/11656_ marine led campaign killed friends. html.

9 Gordon & Trainor, The Endgame, 172; Rayburn, Iraq After America, 110 11.

10 Там же.

11 Col. Gary W. Montgomery and Timothy S. McWilliams, eds., Al Anbar Awakening: From Insurgency to Counterinsurgency in Iraq, 2004–2009, Vol. 2, Marine Corps University Press, 2009, www.marines.mil / Portals /59 / Publications / Al Anbar%20 Awakening%20Vol%20II_Iraqi%20Perspectives%20%2 °CN%20 10600001200_l.pdf.

12 Monte Morin, «Officer Killed by Suicide Bomb Had High Hopes for Ramadi» Stars and Stripes, January 9, 2006, www.stripes. com/news/officer killed by suicide bomb had high hopes for ramadi 1.43384.

13 Monte Morin, «Suicide Bomb Kills Dozens of Iraqi Police Recruits, Two Americans» Stars and Stripes, January 6,2006, www.stripes. com/news/suicide bomb kills dozens of iraqi police recruits two americans 1.43269.

14 Stephen Biddle, Jeffrey A. Friedman, and Jacob N. Shapiro, «Testing the Surge: Why Did Violence Decline in Iraq in 2007?» International Security, Vol. 37, No. 1, Summer 2012,20.



Глава 4

1 Rayburn, Iraq After America, 119.

2 Gordon & Trainor, The Endgame, 191 92.

3 Kanan Makiya, Cruelty and Silence: War, Tyranny, Uprising, and the Arab World (New York: Jonathan Cape, 1993).

4 Nada Bakri, «In Lebanon, New Cabinet Is Influenced by Hezbollah» New York Times, June 13, 2011, www.nytimes. com/2011/06/14/world/middleeast/14lebanon. html.

5 Gordon & Trainor, The Endgame, 101.

6 Там же.

7 Rayburn, Iraq After America, 15–17.

8 «Iraqi Miniser’s Son Misses Flight, Forces Plane Back: Airline» Reuters , March 6,2014, www.reuters.com/article/2014/03/06/us lebanon iraq plane idUSBREA2519B20140306; Rayburn, Iraq After America, 73–75.

9 Интервью, взятое одним из авторов, июнь 2014 г.

10 Dexter Filkins, «The Shadow Commander» The New Yorker, September 30, 2013, www.newyorker.com/magazine/2013/09/30/the shadow commander.

11 Gordon & Trainor, The Endgame, 423.

12 Gordon & Trainor, The Endgame, 313, 351 52.

13 Gordon & Trainor, The Endgame, 151,159; Filkins, 2013.

14 David Axe, «Real E. F. P.: Pocket Sized Tank Killer» Defense Tech, February 14, 2007, defensetech.org/2007/02/14/real e f p pocket sized tank killer.

15 Gordon & Trainor, The Endgame, 324 25.

16 «Treasury Targets Key Al Qa’ida Fuding and Support Network Using Iran as a Critical Transit Point» US Department of the Treasury, July 28, 2011, www.treasury.gov/press center/press releases/Pages/tgl261.aspx.

17 Filkins, 2013.

18 Gordon & Trainor, The Endgame, 140.

19 Gordon & Trainor, The Endgame, 141.

20 Там же.

21 Gordon & Trainor, The Endgame, 146.

22 «Islamic Human Rights Organization Alleges Iraqi Forces Detainee Abuse in Ninewa» Wikileaks, June 16,2005, wikileaks.org/plusd/ cables/05BAGHDAD2547_a.html.

23 Gordon & Trainor, The Endgame, 222.

24 Gordon & Trainor, The Endgame, 221–222.

25 Там же.

26 Gordon 8c Trainor, The Endgame, 185 86.

27 Там же.

28 Edward Wong and John F. Burns, «Iraqi Rift Grows After Discover of Prison, New York Times, November 17, 2005, www.nytimes. com/2005 /11 /17/international/middleeast/17iraq.html.

29 „Testimony of Dr. Matthew Levitt, Fromer Wexler fellow and director of the Stein Program on Counterterrorism and Intelligence at The Washington Institute for Near East Policy“ US House Financial Services Committee, November 13,2014, finan cialservices.house.gov/uploadedfiles/hhrg 113 ba00 wstate mlevitt 20141113.pdf.

30 Интервью, взятое одним из авторов, ноябрь 2014 г.

31 US House Financial Services Committee, 2014.

32 Gordon & Trainor, The Endgame, 231; Benjamin Bahney, Howard J. Shatz, Carroll Ganier, Renny McPherson, and Barbara Sude, An Economic Analysis of the Financial Records of al Qa’ida in Iraq (National Defense Research Institute, 2010), e book.

33 Gordon & Trainor, The Endgame, 231.

34 US House Financial Services Committee, 2014.

35 „Zawahiri’s Letter to Zarqawi (English Translation)“ Combating Terrorism Center at West Point, October 2013, www.ctc.usma. edu/posts/zawahiris letter to zarqawi english translation 2.

36 Riedel, The Search for Al Qaeda, 104.

37 Combating Terrorism Center at West Point, 2013.

38 Riedel, The Search for Al Qaeda, 104.

39 Riedel, The Search for Al Qaeda, 103.

40 Ellen Knickmeyer and К. I. Ibrahim, „Bombing Shatters Mosque in Iraq“ Washington Post, February 23, 2006, www.washingtonpost. com/wp dyn/content/article/2006/02/22/AR2006022200454. html.

41 Там же.

42 Gordon & Trainor, The Endgame, 194.

43 Ellen Knickmeyer and Muhanned Saif Aldin, „Tense Calm Prevails as Iraqi Forces Seal Off River Town“ Washington Post, October 18, 2006, www.washingtonpost.com/wp dyn/content/arti cle/2006/10/17/AR2006101700254.html; Rayburn, Iraq After America, 120.

44 Joshua Partlow and Saad al Izzi, „Scores of Sunnis Killed in Baghdad“ Washington Post, July 10,2006, www.washingtonpost.com/ wpdyn/content/article/2006/07/09/AR2006070900139.html; Gordon & Trainor, The Endgame, 214.

45 Jon Lee Anderson, „Inside the Surge“ The New Yorker, November 19,2007, www.newyorker.com/magazine/2007/ll/19/inside the surge; „Ghazaliya, Baghdad, Iraq“ Google Maps, accessed January 17, 2015, www.google.com/maps/place/Ghazaliyah, +Baghdad, +Iraq/@34.0092759,43.8541015,9z/data=!4m2! 3ml!ls0xl5577d6b25af61b3:0xlc37973c4265e31e; Gordon & Trainor, The Endgame, 213 14.

46 Gordon & Trainor, The Endgame, 213 14.

47 Rayburn, Iraq After America, 87–88.

48 Gordon & Trainor, The Endgame, 213 14.

49 „Text of U. S. Security Adviser’s Iraq Memo“ New York Times, November 29, 2006, www.nytimes. com/2006/ll/29/world/middleeast/29mtext.html.

50 Там же.

51 Riedel, The Search for A1 Qaeda, 106.

52 Gordon & Trainor, The Endgame, 206.

53 Там же.

54 Gordon & Trainor, The Endgame, 207.

55 Dexter Filkins, Mark Mazzetti and Richard A. Oppel Jr., „How Surveillance and Betrayal Led to a Hunt’s End“ New York Times, June 9, 2006, www.nytimes.eom/2006/06/09/world/mid dleeast/09raid.html.

56 Riedel, The Search for A1 Qaeda, 106.

57 Eben Kaplan, „Abu Hamza al Muhajir, Zarqawi’s Mysterious Successor (aka Abu Ayub al Masri)“ Council on Foreign Relations, June 13, 2006, www.cfr.org/iraq/abu hamza al muhajir zar qawis mysterious successor aka abu ayub al masri/pl0894.

58 Gordon & Trainor, The Endgame, 230.

59 Rayburn, Iraq After America, 121; Ahmed S. Hashim, „The Islamic State: From al Qaeda Affiliate to Caliphate“ Middle East Policy Council, Vol. 21, No. 4, Winter 2014, www.mepc.org/jour nal/middle east policy archives/islamic state al qaeda affiliate caliphate.

60 Rayburn, Iraq After America, 121,136.

61 Gordon & Trainor, The Endgame, 230; Rayburn, Iraq After America, 128.

62 Gordon & Trainor, The Endgame, 230.

63 Там же.

64 Интервью, взятое одним из авторов, октябрь 2014 г.

65 Gordon & Trainor, The Endgame, 230; Hashim, 2014.

66 Hashim, 2014.

67 Интервью, взятое одним из авторов, ноябрь 2014 г.

68 Price et al., 2014.

69 Bill Roggio, „Iraqi Troops Kill Senior al Qaeda in Iraq Leader“ The Long War Journal, November 7,2008 www.longwarjournal.org/ archives/2008/ll/iraqi_troops_kill_se.php.

70 Greg Jaffe, „At Lonely Iraq Outpost, GIs Stay as Hope Fades“ Wall Street Journal, May 3, 2007, www.wsj.com/arti cles/SB117813340417889827.

71 Gordon & Trainor, The Endgame, 233.

72 Gordon & Trainor, The Endgame, 233; „Fire Marshal Ronald P. Bucca“ Officer Down Memorial Page, accessed January 17, 2015, www.odmp.org/officer/16195 fire marshal ron ald p bucca.

73 Gordon & Trainor, The Endgame, 32–33, 233 34.

74 Gordon & Trainor, The Endgame, 234.


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