What can you say in the following situations? l) You greet a businessman Mr Brown, who you have never met before. It's 3
p.m. Mr Brown answers your greeting.
2) A man, Mr Brown, introduces himself to you. You anwer the introduction.
3) You introduce your new friend Allan to your college professor, Mrs Baker.
Mrs Baker answers the introduction.
4) You greet your friend Dick. It's 8 a.m. Dick answers your greeting.
5) Your meet your friend Kate. It's 8 p.m. Kate answers your greeting.
6) Introduce yourself to a girl you have never met before.
7) At an official meeting of students, you introduce your, professor to British students, who are visiting your country.
8) Introduce your sister (cousin) to your f rinds.
9) You are meeting a group of tourists Introduce yourself to them.
Philip's Working Day
Philip is a student. He studies English. He studies hard. He wakes up at 7 and goes to the bathroom. In the bathroom he washes, shaves and cleans his teeth. Then he dresses. He puts on his suit; shirt and shoes. At 8 he goes to the kitchen. He has breakfast. For breakfast he has tea, bread and butter and bacon and eggs. During breakfast he listens to the radio.
After breakfast he puts his books into the bag, puts on his coat and hat and goes to his college. He goes there by bus. He gets to his college at 9.
When he comes to the college, he takes off his coat and hat and goes to the classroom, He greets his friends and sits down at his desk. He takes his books out of the bag and puts them on the desk. When the teacher comes into the classroom, the students stand up. The lesson begins. At the lesson the students write, read and speak English. They ask questions and answer the teacher's questions.
During the break they play table-tennis or talk about new films, books and sport.
After classes Philip goes home. At home he rests and then he has dinner with his mother. For dinner they have soup, meat of fish. After dinner he does his homework. Then he watches TV or reads a book. At 10 he says goodnight to his mother and goes to bed.
Teaching is interesting, creative and important work. A good teacher is not only a communicator of knowledge but a model of competence. He forms attitudes to his subject and altitudes to learning. He discovers children's inter, interests, their strength and weaknesses, their needs.
A teacher must know his particular subject. A good teacher studies constantly, reviews, researches his subject, perfects his knowledge.
He stimulates children to develop their abilities and to satisfy their interests. "Climate" of a class depends on the nature of personal relationships between a teacher and his pupils. These relationships should be founded on respect for a person. But it is also the function of education to help children to live in the community to prepare for real life situations. A teacher takes an active part in shaping of child's character, honesty, kindness, cooperation and respect.
Teaching is an exacting job, but those who are well equipped for I will have a happy and satisfying life.
A good teacher discovers children's interests, their strength and weaknesses, their needs, doesn't he?
AT THE AIRPORT
Flying to New York
Proffesor Belov and his collegues were going to New Yok to take part in a conference on ecology.
They arrived at the airport two hours before the departure. Fii^t of all they went to the check-in counter, where a ticket agent looked at their tickets and passports. Then their baggage was checked in. Proffesor Belov's suitcases were very heavy, so he had to pay an amount of money for overweight. Next they were given boarding passes, that allowed them to get on the plane. The boarding passes had the seats numbers written on them. Their suitcases were labeled and sent off to be loaded into the hold of the airplane. While waiting for the flight to be called, some of proffesor Belov's collegues went to the newsstand to buy some magazines.
At last they went through the security check, where their hawd luggage was searched. In the departure lounge proffesor Belov and his collegues joined the other passengers. After the announcement they went to board their plane. The flight was quite comfortable and the passengers felt quite safe. When they reached their destination and the plane landed, they were asked to fill in declaration forms. Then their visas and passports were checked and they went through the customs. The customs officer asked his usual question: "Have you anything to declare?" They answered: "All (that) we have is for personal use." Soon all the formalities were over.
The students have to do their best to acquire necessary knowledge. They must attend lectures and practical hours, never miss seminars and lab classes. They have to prepare their home assignments regularly. There are good conditions for their studies. The institute has a good library, reading rooms, many subject rooms and laboratories.
Many students receive state grants and they are provided with hostels. Senior students are given vocational training during the pedagogical practice at schools. While practicing they must master their teaching skills and I tutorial experience getting more knowledge about their profession. The undergraduates and senior students carry out research in different branches of science. The aim of the research work carried out by students is to solve the most pressing educational problems, to study and use the progressive, pedagogical experience of others during their work at school.
The students go in for sports, they participate in organizing various types of recreational activities for children, they stage concerts.
What is the role of school practice in training teachers?
What helps the students to master their future profession?
Why do students lake part in scientific research?
What do we mean when we say "students' life"?
СОСТАВЛЕНИЕ ДЕЛОВОГО ПИСЬМА
The Royal Hotel
5 Blue St Star City
12 th April 1999
27 Green Street
I would like to apply for the position of junior accountant which you advertised in yesterday's "City Times". I am a student of the Economics Department and I have been bookkeeping at my father's firm for two years. I speak good English and feel that I am qualified to fill your position.
Please send any application forms that you want me to fill in and let me know if you want an interview.
Адрес и телефон отправителя
и ее адрес
SPORTS IN GREAT BRITAIN
The British are known to be great sports-lovers, so when they are neither playing, nor watching games, they like to talk about them. Many of the games we play now have come from Britain.
One of the most British games is cricket. It is often played in schools, colleges, universities and by club teams all over the country. Summer isn't summer without cricket. To many Englishmen cricket is both a game and a standard of behaviour. When they consider anything unfair, they sometimes say: "That isn't cricket."
But as almost everywhere else in the world, the game which attracts the greatest attention is Association football, or soccer. Every Saturday from late August till the beginning of May, large crowds of people support their favourite sides in football grounds. True fans will travel from one end of the country to the other to see their team play. There are plenty of professional and amateur soccer clubs all over Britain. International football matches and the Cup Finals take place at Wembley.
Rugby football is also very popular, but it is played mainly by amateurs.
Next to football, the chief spectator sport in British life is horse-racing. A lot of people are interested in the races
and risk money on the horse which they think will win. The Derby is perhaps the most famous single sporting event in the whole world.
Britain is also famous for motor-car racing, dog-racing, boat-racing, and even races for donkeys. The famous boat-race between the teams of Oxford and Cambridge attracts large crowds of people.
A great number of people play and watch tennis. Tennis tournaments at Wimbledon are known all over the world. The innumerable tennis courts of Britain are occupied by people between the ages of 16 and 60 who show every degree of skill — from practically helpless to the extremely able.
The British also like to play golf, baseball, hockey, grass-hockey. Various forms of athletics, such as running, jumping, swimming, boxing are also popular. You can sometimes hear that there are no winter sports in England. Of course the English weather is not always cold enough to ski, skate, or toboggan, but winter is a good season for hunting and fishing.
Indeed sport in one form or another is an essential part of daily life in Britain.
to toboggan [ta'bogen] — кататься на санях, санках
MY SUMMER HOLIDAYS
After my hard and busy school year my summer holidays began. I felt happy when hard and busy school year finished and summer holidays began. I started to plan a lot of wonderful things to do | during my summer vocation.
I was dreaming about visiting far south countries I always wanted to visit. For example, I dreamed to visit, Greece islands or Spanish beaches. But I had to go to the Azov Sea seaside with my parents. The water was very warm there, because the Sea of Azov isn't deep. There were different kinds of entertainments there. Best of all I liked water scooters and discos.
There was nothing to do all day except taking sunbathes and swimming. I was playing with my little sister on the sand and taught her to swim. Later, I returned home and spent some time there going out with my friends, reading, listening to music, watching TV and playing computer games. After that I went to the sport camp where I spent twenty days with my friends.
It was very useful experience for us, because we had to get up very early, to train a lot. But it made us stronger and healthier.
I was very happy to return home and to spend several days in my summer cottage, where I had a rest helping my grandfather to dig the garden, to irrigate plants and to gather fruit and vegetables. I was fishing with my grandfather sometimes and we cooked our fish together. Only insects were spoiling my good humour. I was enjoying floating in the boat, swimming and helping my grandparents.
During my summer holidays I made new friends, read a lot of interesting books, knew many useful things. Now, I feel ready to get back to school.
I am happy to meet my school friends and teachers»
hard — тяжелый, трудный
busy — занятой, суетливый
to feel (past felt, p.p. felt) — чувствовать
to dream (past dreamt, p.p. dreamt) about — мечтать о
beach — пляж
deep — глубокий, глубоко
bush — куст
entertainment — развлечение
scooter — зд. скутер, водный велосипед
to sunbathe — загорать
to teach (past taught, p.p. taught) — учить, обучать