Present / Past. Read the text. Fill in the blanks in the questions.
People used to get water mostly from streams, lakes and rivers. Then cities started growing. This brought many people to one place. They needed more water for their homes and factories.
Sometimes it didn't rain for a long time. Then the rivers had very little water left. People learned to save water for these dry times. They built places in which to
store water. They called these places reservoirs.
Reservoirs hold water until people in cities need it. Large pipes carry water from reservoirs to the city. People also get water from wells.
Years ago, people lifted water out of wells in buckets. It was hard work and took a long time. Now they pump the water up. The pump makes it easier for people to get water where they want it.
A) do B) does C) did D) is
E) are F) was G) —
1. Where ___ people use to get water from?
2. What ___ started growing?
3. Why ___ the rivers have very little water left?
4. What ___ people learn to do for the dry times?
5. What ___ people build to store water?
6. How long ___ reservoirs hold water?
7. What places ___ people call reservoirs?
8. What ___ reservoirs for?
9. How ___ people lift water out of wells years ago?
10. ___ you think, it ___ hard work?
11. How long ___ it take them to lift water out of wells years ago?
12. What ___ the way to get water now?
13. What ___ people do to lift water out of wells now?
14. ___ the pump make it easier to get water where they want?
Regular / irregular verbs. Which of the verbs are regular ones? Write in the correct form of each verb in the Past Simple.
R) regular verb I) irregular verb
On the 15-th of October, two men ___1___ (to try) | to get to the top of Everest. They ___2___ (to make)| their camp at the bottom of the mountain. They 3 (to feel) very well in it. It ___4___ (to be) the highest camp on the mountain. The night before the climbing, they ___5___ (to drink) tea and had supper. They 6 (to discuss) what to take with them to the top. The ___7___ (to decide) to leave their sleeping bags and tents because the equipment 8___ (to be) too heavy.
Early in the morning they 9 (to have) breakfast and _10 (to get) dressed. Then they 11 (to start) to go up the mountain. It 12 (to be) extremely difficult. The snow 13 (to be) very deep. After a long, hard fight they 14 (to reach) the top together. They 15 (to laugh), 16 (to shout) and 17 (to take) some photographs.
Then the sun 18 (to disappear) and the two men 19 (to realize) they 20 (to be) on the top of Everest and it 21 (to be) almost night. Their camp 22 (to be) too far to reach. They 23 (to go) a little way down the mountain, but there 24 (to be) no moon and it ___25 (to be) too dangerous.
They 26 (to have) to spend the night on the mountain, at about 10,000 metres, with no tents, sleeping bags or food. They 27 (to believe) it 28 (to be) possible. They 29 (to dig) a hole in the snow, and 30 (to bury) themselves. They 31 (not to sleep). It 32 (to be) -30 °C. When the light
33 (to come) at last they 34 (to begin) climbing down, and soon they 35 (to get) to their camp. They 36 (to be) happy.
Present Perfect. Fill in the blanks.
A) already B) yet C) still
1. Have you made your bed ____ ?
2. He's ____ come back from jogging, and he's a bit tired.
3. - Have they woken up ____ ? - No, they are ____ asleep.
4. I haven't had a bath ____ .
5. My brother has graduated from the university.
6. He's ____ set the table.
7. We haven't seen your best friend ____ .
8. Will you ____ love me when I'm old and grey?
9. I've ____ combed my hair. I'm dressing now.
10. He's ____ setting the table.
11. They are here. They haven’t gone.
12. She's __looking for her notebook.
13. They arewaiting for a bus. The bus hasn’t arrived .
Fill in the blanks with time words where necessary.
A) since B) for C) —
1. My parents have worked for this company ___ 1993.
2. My elder brother left school ___ three years ago.
3. We have known the Smiths ___ they moved to Bridge Street.
4. John has played in the school team ___ two years.
5. Mr. Dave was Jane's teacher ___ last year.
6. The team hasn't lost matches ___ several years.
7. Tom has been ill ___ a week.
8. They have had a new car__ January.
9. I slept well __ last night.
10. We've known each other __. a long time.
11. They lived in Australia ___ one year.
12. I haven't seen him ___ last night.
13. I played the guitar ___ three years.
14. It's been ages ___ my last meal, and I'm very hungry.
Past Perfect / Past Simple. Put the verbs into the correct form,
A)Past Perfect B) Past Simple.
1. Jane ____ (to wash) all the test-tubes after she____(to complete) the experiment.
2.She ____ (to do) the cleaning by 6 o'clock yesterday.
3.After the stewardesses ____ (to serve) lunch to the passengers, they ____ (to calm) down.
4.I ____ (not to have) my watch, so I ____ (not to know) the exact time.
5.He ____ (to feel) sick because he ____ (to eat) too much.
6. She ____ (to finish) her report, and was feeling rather tired, so she ____ (to go) to bed.
7. By two o'clock he ____ (to answer) all the letters he ____ (to receive).
8. The bus____ (to leave) before I ____ (to reach) the bus station.
9. As soon as they _____ (to finish) breakfast, they ____ (to run) out to play.
10. When we ____ (to meet) our friends they ____ (already to know) the news.
11. When you ____ (to call) me, I ____ (not yet to do) the sum.
12. She ____ (to intend) to make a cake for you, but she ____ (to run) out of time.
13. Hardly we____ (to go) to bed when somebody____ (to knock) at the door.
14. No sooner she ___ (to come) than she ___ (to fall) ill.
Past tenses. Put the verbs into the correct form, the Past Perfect, Past Perfect Continuous, Past Simple or Past Continuous.
A) Past Simple B) Past Continuous
C) Past Perfect D) Past Perfect Continuous
1. The workers ____ (to be) on a strike for three weeks when the agreement on pay ____ (to be reached).
2. When she got the results of her medical tests, she realized that she ____ (to feel) ill since she ____ (to be) on holiday.
3. The door was unlocked. She ____ (to wonder) who ____ (leave) the door open.
4. He ____ (to play) football when the ball ____ (to hit) his head.
5. He ____ (to drive) to work for half an hour when suddenly his car ____ (to break) down.
6. When he arrived at the office he____ (to discover) that he ____ (to leave) all the necessary papers at home.
7. Susan ____ (to type) some letters when the boss (to ask) her into his office.
8. She looked tired. She____ (to type) letters all morning.
9. Yesterday afternoon it ____ (still to rain) when I ____ (to get) home.
10. He ____ (to clean) the car when the phone rang, so he ____ (not to answer) it.
11. When I ____ (to be) little, my mother ____ (to use) to feed me.
12. Jane's clothes were wet. She ____ (to wash) her dog.
13. Jerry ____ (to be) nervous, for he ____ (never to flow) in an aeroplane before. 14 I ____ (never to like) going to the cinema on my own
when I was a teenager.
15. Kate ____ (to dance), but when she saw a newcomer she ____ (to stop).
Right / wrong — tenses. Find the mistake and correct it.
A) right B) wrong
1.We are here since April.
2.Have you been crying? - No, I've been chopping onions.
3.I wonder what will happen if he push this button.
4.How long are you working for this company?
5.It was a lovely day so we decided to stroll in the park for an hour.
6.This is the smallest dog I'd ever seen.
7.I know you are just pretending to read because you've got the book upside down.
8. Can you think of any other songs? We have sang all the ones we know.
9. I have ever been to Jamaica.
10. I used to walking to school, and I used to thinking that it was very unfair that I couldn't go there by bus.
11. Someone has been stealing my bicycle.
12. The students were working for two hours when the teacher told them to stop writing.
13. I already saw this film twice, but I'd like to see it again.
14. He looks angry! Had he been arguing?
15. She is cleaning her teeth at the moment.
16. The dog won't bother you unless you teased him.
78. We hadn't seen her at the party last night.
18. The more you study, the better results will be.
19. He isn't exactly a stranger - I had met him once before.
Gerund / infinitive (1). Write what each word or expression is followed by.
A) to + verb B) verb + -ing C) both are possible
1.want 2. would like 3. sorry
4. decide where 5. begin 6. get used to
7. continue 8. pleased 9. regret
10.suggest 11. love 12. start
13.used 14. mind 15. go on
16. enjoy 17. remember 18. suspect of
19. hate 20. would prefer 21. would love
Gerund / infinitive (2). Put the verb in brackets into the correct form, gerund or infinitive.
A) to + verb B) verb + -ing
1. I'm thinking of (go) to Brazil.
2. You cannot live without (do) such stupid things.
3. He isn't good at (drive) his car.
4. Try to avoid (lose) your temper.
5. He seems (know) everything about it.
6. It's no use (cry) over spilt milk.
7. Would you mind (repeat) your threat?
8. You should practise (say), "Red little lorry, yellow little lorry."
9. It's useless (argue) with him. He won't listen to any reason.
10. They were advised (take) a packed lunch.
11. Do you think it's worth (see) this film?
12. If you want (lose) weight, try (eat) less.
13. It's forbidden (smoke) here.
14. I'm not keen on (work) late.
15. I'm not very fond of (shop).
16. He managed (calm) her by promising to return soon.
17. Mary is crazy about (take) photographs.
18. In Arabia the usual way of (travel) is by camel.
19. You needed (add) some more sugar to that.
Tense mixture. Decide which answer A), B), C) or D) best fits each space.
The Grasshopper and the Ant
A grasshopper spent the summer singing and dancing in the sun. One day he saw an ant hurrying by. She 1 and hot.
"Why __ you 2 on such a lovely day?" asked the grasshopper.
"I'm 3 food for the winter," the ant said and went on her way. She 4 all the other ants carrying food to their store. The grasshopper sang another song and carried on dancing.
When winter came and there 5 on the ground, the grasshopper 6 to eat. He 7 so he went and asked the ants 8 him some food.
"We worked all summer 9 our food. What
10 you do?" said one of the ants.
"I 11 singing and dancing," replied the grasshopper.
"Well, if you 12 all summer and do no work," said the ant, "then you must starve in the winter."
MORAL: Always 13 for difficult times in the future.
1. A) looked tiring B) looking tired C) looked tired D) looks tired
2. A) do ... work B) do ... working C) are ... working D)is ... working
3. A) collect B) collecting C) collected D) collects
4. A) was joined C) joins B) was joining D)joined
5. A) was snow C) were snowed B) was snowed D) were snow
6. A) had no nothing B) didn’t have nothing
C) had nothing D) didn’t had anything
7. A) was hungried B) was hungry
C) wasn't hungry D) hungried
8. A) to give B) give
C)to gave D) gave
9. A) to collect B) collect
C) collected D) to collected
10. A) was B) were
C) do D) did
11.A) was busy B) were busy
C) wasn't busy D) weren’t busy
12.A) sing and dance B) sang and danced
C) were singing and dancing D) sings and dances
13. A)prepare B) prepares
C) prepared D) preparing
Tense mixture. Decide which answer A, B, C or D best fits each space.
Once, when I was a young man, I 1 in India. One evening, after 2 in the forest all day, I was returning alone to the place where I 3 my tent. It 4
dark, and I was 5 along a narrow path. On my right was a wide river; on my left, a thick, dark forest. Suddenly I 6 two green eyes 7 at me from among the trees. A man-eating tiger 8 ready to jump on me.
What 9 I do? 10 I jump into the river and 11 my life by swimming? I looked to the right. In the river 12 an immense crocodile 13 welcome me with its mouth wide open.
I 14 that I shut my eyes. I heard branches 15 the tiger jumped. What do you think had happened? The tiger 16 right over me and was now in the jaws of the crocodile. 17 a true story, believe it or not.
1. A) was travelling B) was traveled
C) traveling D) were travelled
A)hunt B) hunting
C) hunted D) some hunting
A) had put on B) had put up
C) had put off D) had put in
A) was get B) was got
C) was getting D) getting
A) walked B) walking
C) walk D) was walking
A) have seen B) had seen
C) saw D) was seeing
A)look B) looked
C)looking D) had looked
A) was get to B) was getting
C) got to D) was getting to
A)can B) can have
C) could D) could have
10. A) Shall be B) Shall
C) Should be D) Should
A) hope save B) shall hope to save
C) hoped save D) hope to save
A) there was B) there were
C) it was D) it were
A) waiting B) waiting to
C) waiting for D) waited for
14. A) was so frightened B) was so frightening
C) was as frightened
A) moving as B) moving
C) move D) moved as
A) has jumped B) had jumped
C) was jumped D) was jumping
A) That is B) That was
C) That's been D) That had been
Tense mixture. Decide which answer A, B, C or D best fits each space.
_1__ Boxtel who 2 the government about the letters in Van Baerle's house. Through his telescope he had seen Cornelious De Witte 3 the letters to his brother. He thought that these 4 secret letters about matters of government.
"Oh!" he said, "I 5 the officers of the government about this. As soon as he 6 away I shall go into his house and 7 the bulbs of the Black tulip and get the hundred thousand guilders."
Boxtel saw the soldiers 8 Van Baerle away.
Evening came, and the servants 9 the house. Night came; stars 10 in the sky, and from far below came the restless noise of the city. The sounds of the city died away into silence.
Then Boxtel took a lamp. He 11 quickly __ the wall. He forced open a window and went into the house. He .went up the stairs into the seed room. He 12 the box, on the table - everywhere; but there 13 bulbs. He looked again. No! The bulbs had gone. Where __ they 14 ?
A) It were B) It was
C) There was D) There were
A) was told B) has told
C) had told D) had been told
A) give B) gives
C) was given D) had been given
A) may B) might
C) may be D) might be
A)say B) will say
C) tell D) will tell
A) will taken B) will be taken
C) is taken D) is found
A) find B) was leading
C) is find D) leads
A) would lead B) were shut up
C) lead D) had shut up
A) shut up B) had been
C) shutting up D) were
A) has been B) had been
C) was D) were
11. A) climbed in B) climbed over
C) climbed through D) climbed under
A)looked in B) looked for
C) looked out D) looked up
A) was no B) was not
C) were no D) were not
A) have ... gone B) were…gone
C) had ... gone D) had …been gone
Mixture. Decide which answer A, B, C or D best fits each space.
There 1 about 9,000 different kinds of birds 2 the world. We can 3 birds in many ways. One way 4 birds is by whether they live on land 5 water. Another way is by the part of the world 6 live in. Some birds live in tropical or hot places, 7 in cold places. Birds can also 8 by what they eat. There 9 types of birds, and many ways to tell 10 apart.
Different birds 11 different foods. Sparrows and many small birds eat seeds. Tropical birds eat fruit 12 seeds. Swallows and chickadees are examples of birds 13 insects. Many 14 eat both seeds and insects and feed 15 to their babies. King-fishes are birds that 16 . They have long sharp bills which they use when catching fish. 17 even eat other birds.
A) is B) are
C) was D) were
A) on B) has told
C)in D) had been told
A) not group B) to group
C) grouping D) group
A) to group B) group
C) grouping D) to grouping
A)and B) or
C) either D) under
A) we B) it
C) you D) anothers
A)others B) group
C) another D) grouped
A) be group B) are much
C) be grouped D) are not any
A) are many B) are much
C) is lots of D) are not any
A)they B) their
C) its D) them
11. A) eats B) eat
C) are eating D) eating
12.A) as well as B) no
C) either D) not a
13.A) which eats B) that eat
C) who eats D) eat
A) grown birds B) grew birds
C) growing bird D) grown bird
A) these B) that
C) this D) their
A) eat fishes B) eat fish
C) eating fish D) eating fishes
A) Some birds B) Any birds
C) No birds D) Not a bird
Identify errors in the underlined parts of the sentences. There is only one error in each sentence. Find it.
He thinks she is beautiful, but I don't agree with her.
A B C
I advise you check all your exam answers before you hand your paper in.
A B C
I'd like knowing where you are.
A B C
The light didn't work because anyonehad taken the bulb.