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I. Гласные звуки [i], [i:]. II. Text A: «About myself», Text B: «My Biography»




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UNIT 1
ABOUT MYSELF

I. Гласные звуки [i], [i:].

II. Text A: «About myself»,

Text B: «My Biography».

III. Личные местоимения, определенный и неопределенный артикль, множественное число существительных.
Phonetic warm-up (Фонетическая разминка)

Гласный звук [i] При произнесении краткого гласного звука [i] кончик языка находится у основания нижних зубов: оттенок русского звука [и] в сло­вах шить, шило практически совпадает с английским [i]: it, sit, in

Гласный звук [i:] При произнесении долгого гласного [i:] язык продвинут вперед, кончик языка касается нижних зубов, губы несколько растянуты и слегка обнажают зубы. Оттенок русского звука [и] в словах ива, иго, игры, избы практически совпадает с английским звуком [i:].

Сочетания ее, еа читаются [i:]. Например, meet, peat.

Долгота звука влияет на лексическое значение слова.

Например: feet (ноги) — fit (вмещаться), steel (сталь) — still (все еще)


Exercise A


lead — lid

if — it — tip — kit

did — bill

mill — meal

pill — peel

keel — kill

sit — seat

Exercise В


beat — bin

it — seat

steel — still

feel — fill — feet

fit — eat — bean

simple — Pete — feel — peel

meet — meat — ill — bill — steel — feel Exercise D

be — been — bean



did — deed

pit — peat

fit — feet

it — eat


lid — lead

Exercise С

bin — bean



me — meet — meat

see — seat — seed

meal — seal — mean

pea — Pete — peat

sea — see — meet

bee — been — feet

mean — lean — keen


Exercise E

I see a sea. I see a clean sheet. I eat meat. I like meat.

I like tea. I make tea. I take tea. I like fine tea. I like fine meals.

People make steel. People make fine steel. People make steel pipes. People make fine steel planes. I like life. I like kind people. I like kind smiles. I feel fine. I smile.


Text A: “ABOUT MYSELF”


Hello, friends. Let me first introduce myself. My name is Ann or Anya for my friends. My surname or last name is Sokolova. I was born on the 2nd of October in Sochi, Krasnodarsky Krai. This is the most beautiful city in Russia situated on the Black Sea coast. Now I am a first-year student at the Technical Academy. In five years I'll be an engineer.

Now let me describe my appearance. I am tall and slim and have fair hair and blue eyes. My friends say that I am pretty. I think I am just good-looking. I love sports and music. I was very serious about a career in gymnastics when I was in the 5th form. But then I broke my arm and doctors didn't let me go in for gymnastics. I love to listen to modern music and dance. I dance a lot and I hope I am good at it. I also love swimming. I always swim in the Black sea when I visit my parents, my dear family.

I would like to tell you about my family. There are five people in our family. My father's name is Vladimir Stepanovich. He is a mathematician by education and businessman by profession. My mother's name is Tatyana Petrovna. She is a housewife. She has much work about the house because I have a younger sister. She is a pupil. My sister Natasha is in the fifth form. My grandmother, my mother's mother, lives with us. She is very kind and helps us a lot.

Our family is very friendly, we have many friends. In summer many relatives come to visit us. And, of course, they use a chance to spend several weeks in beautiful Sochi.

In May I have finished school No 5 in Sochi. I did well in all the subjects but my favourite subjects at school were Physics and Computer Science. I also enjoyed English lessons.

I am very interested in learning English because I always wanted to become a programmer or maybe a businesswoman. I also think that the knowledge of foreign languages helps in everyday life and career.

Two years ago I travelled much around Europe. I have visited France, Germany, Belgium, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. There the knowledge of English helped me a lot.

As you see,' my biography isn't very long yet. But we'll meet again in the next lesson and I'll tell you more about myself. See you later...



Vocabulary:

introduce — представлять, знакомить

Black Sea coast — побережье Черного моря

a first-year student — студент(ка) первого курса

region— область

appearanceвнешность

slim — стройная

careerкарьера

gymnastics — гимнастика

mathematician — математик

housewife — домохозяйка

several несколько

to do well — зд. успевать

chance — случай, шанс

kind — добрый

a lot — много

the Netherlands — Нидерланды

the United Kingdom — Соединенное Королевство (Великобритания)

ADD TO YOUR ACTIVE VOCABULARY

(ПОПОЛНИ СВОЙ АКТИВНЫЙ СЛОВАРЬ):

tall — высокий

short маленького роста

stout — приземистый, коренастый

slimстройный

fat — толстый

plumpy — полный

fair hair — светлые волосы

blonde — блондин(ка)

brunette — брюнет(ка)

gray hair — седые волосы

bold headed — лысый

short sighted — близорукий

smart, clever, bright — умный (я)

stupid — тупой, глупый

boringскучный

fun to be with — веселый человек

easy to go alongлегкий в общении

quiet — спокойный

impulsive — порывистый, импульсивный

aggressive — агрессивный

rude — невежливый, грубый

shy, confusedзастенчивый

active — активный

talkative — разговорчивый

enthusiastic — энтузиаст, затейник

Exercise 1.1. Please, introduce yourself. The questions below will certainly help you:

1. What is your name?

2. Where and when were you born?

3. How old are you?

5. Have you got a family?

6. How many people are there in your family?

7. Do you have brothers, sisters, grandparents in your family?

8. Where do you live?

9. Did you study well at school?

10. What school did you finish?

11. Did your teacher of English help you to choose your future profession?

12. What was your favourite subject?

13. What do you like to read?

14. What sport do you go in for?

15. What are you going to be?

16. Do you still live with your parents?

17. Do you have a girlfriend / boyfriend?
Exercise 1.2. Bring a picture of a person you know well (mother, father, grandfather, friend) to class. Show it and describe that person. Use the active vocabulary of the unit.

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  • Exercise A
  • Text A: “ABOUT MYSELF”