a) official b) shop assistant c) attendant d) clerk
Supply the best words in gaps
1. Tomatoes are very nice…
a) filled b) stuffed
2. A… is a piece of furniture in a dining-room
a) sideboard b) buffet
3. A light meal is a…
a) collocation b) snack
4. We can speak of the con… of food
a) summation b) sumption
5. The first course is…
a) an entrée b) a starter
6. A large meal for important guests is…
a) feast b) a banquet
7. Weigh it on the Kitchen…
a) scales b) balance
8. Boil milk in this small…
a) saucepan b) casserole
9. Food becomes… in a deep freeze
a) congealed b) frozen
10. …a little butter in a pan
a) dissolve b) melt
11. The salad has been dressed… oil
a) in b) with
12. Vegetables should be stored in a … place
a) fresh b) cool
13. I like… salmon
a) smoked b) fumed
14. I have a very good… for onion soup
a) receipt b) recipe
15. Please… a couple of lemons for me
a) squeeze b) press
16. I must consult the … for the food mixer
a) directions b) instructions
17. …some of that pie for me, won’t you?
a) Reserve b) Save
18. What shall I do with the…
a) remainders b) leftovers
19. Do you want your food… or not?
a) with sauce b) saucy
20. The toast has been…
a) scalded b) burnt
Keys: 1) b, 2) a, 3) b, 4) b, 5) b, 6) b, 7) a, 8) a, 9) b, 10) b, 11) b, 12) b, 13) a, 14) b, 15) a, 16) b, 17) b, 18) a, 19) a, 20)b.
Some facts about England and the USA
Учащиеся 7-8 классов подготавливают материал о малоизвестных фактах жизни Англии и Америки. Каждая группа устраивает свою презентацию в свободной форме. Это может быть костюмированное представление; интервью; презентация с использованием газет, фотографий; презентация с использованием Internet-ресурсов. Мероприятие рассчитано на учащихся 7-8 классов.
Материал подбирается такой, какого нет в учебниках.
1. Tolpuddle Rally
Six men whose fate shook all England were the Tolpuddle (a small village in the country of Dorset, South England) Martyrs. They were arrested and then deported to Australia in 1834.
No one could have guessed that when the Tolpuddle parish constable tapped George Loveless on the shoulder and demanded that he accompany him to Douchester he was starting a case that was to shake all England. Jet so it was, and its echoes are still rumbling to this day – a century and half later.
At Dorchester Assizes (periodical sessions in each county of England for administration of civil and criminal justice.) Loveless and five other farm workers were charged with administering illegal oaths. But their real crime was that they had formed a trade union in their village. They could not be charged with this, since unions were since the repeal of the Combination Acts (the first Combination Act (1799) making trade unionism illegal; in 1800 the second Act (with certain modifications due to vigorous protest) Both laws repealed in 1824), not illegal. At Dorchester Assizes, Lord Justice Williams sentenced all six to the maximum penalty of seven years transportation.
They were simple men and the statement which George Loveless made to the court might have moved anyone: “My Lord, if we have violated any law, it was not done intent ionally: we have injured no man’s reputation, character, person or property: we were uniting together to preserve ourselves, our wives and childrens, from utter degradation and Starvation. We challenge any man, or number of men, to prove that we have acted, or intended to act, different from the above statement.
The whole trade union and fury to the challinge. As early as March 24 a huge protest meeting (Robert Owen (1771-1858, a Welsh advocate/ Reformer and educator. Criticised private property, religion and other aspects of life in bourgeois society) in the chair was held at Rathbone Place just off Oxford Street. On March 26 the first of a great flood of petitions, demanding the quashing of the sentences and the release of the prisoners, was placed before Parliament.
On April 26 one of the greatest and best-organised demonstrations ever seen in London carried to Whitehall, a petition signed by between two and three hundred thousands, largely trade unionists with their banners and insignia, were assembled at Copenhagen Fields and insignia, were assembled at Copenhagen Fields, a little to the north of the present King’s Cross Station. From there they marched to Westminster, where the petition was insolently rejected.
By this time the Tolpuddle labouers were well on their way to Australia, and it took two years of agitation before the Government was forced, very reluctantly, to grant a pardon and bring them home. But in the end this was accomplished and they received a hero’s welcome on their return.
It was a great victory for the movement against legal repression, and its wider results were no less noteworthy. The rawness and obvious in justice of the trial made it possible to unite an exceptionally wide cross section of the people.
The annual march at Tolpuddle organized by the National Union to Agricultural Workers to commemorate the Tolpuddle Martyrs takes place every year. It is an impressive and moving occasion. There is a short march through Tolpuddle past the Martyr’s tree and then back again to the memorial cottages built by the TUC, where a meeting is held. There is an exhibition at the Tolpuddle colleges, a picnic on the lawns and popular music by the Dorchester Silver band.
2. Loch Monsters
Most of the Scottish lochs (Scots-lake) have their monsters. A large group of Gaelic stories tell of causing a hide tide; it claimed a human sacrifice and when lots were drawn the king’s daugheter was the victim. The young and beautiful princess had to go to a selected spot and await the coming of the monster so that the whole realm might not be ravaged.
The king’s daughter was accompanied by warriors to a green mound by the sea-side, but these armed men fled at the first hint of peril. A brave young man who had been acting as herd came to defend the princess and lay down to sleep until the monster appeared. To awaken him from his “magic sleep” during which he acquired “power”, the princess had to cut off a portion of his ear or a joint of his little finger or a portion of his scalp.
As the young hero slept, the princess saw the three-headed monster approaching in a squall of wind, while the tide rose and the loch grew stormy. She awoke the young man by slightly mutilating him as instructed and on the first day he cut off one of the monster’s heads. The combat, was repeated on the second day, when another head was cut off. On the third day hero cut off the last head and the monster was slain.
A monster is reputed to haunt Loch Morar, Lochaber, the deepest loch in Scotland. It is known as “Morag” and has been described as a huge, shapeless, dark mass, rising out of the water like an island.
And what about Loch Ness Monster (Nessie)? Is it a rotting tree trunk, a killer whale that has penetrated the loch from the sea, a pleliosaurus from an age 60 million years ago, a giant eel, or a Heating mat of vegetation?
There have been at least two deliberate hoaxes: an imprint on the lake shore made by a hippo’s foot mounted on an ask tray and a whale’s jaw lifted from a rock garden in York. Serious inwestigations there have been in plenty, and in June 1963 the Loch Ness Investigation Bureau was set up with ten observation stations. There were 40 recorded sightings that month. The Highlands Development Board even donated ₤ 1000 to the Burean. There have been anchored ballons taking timelapse photos, and underwater sound recordings.
Early one morning in 1934 a young woman looked out of the dinning-room window of the house where she worded as a maid and saw about 300 yards away in the waters of Loch Ness the “largest animal I have ever seen”. She borrowed her employer’s binoculars and watched it for 25 minutes. It had, she said later, a “giraffe-like neck, and an absurdly small head out of all proportion to the great dark-grey body”, which was the colour of an elephant. As it twisted and turned its back arched into two or more humps. Then it lowered its head into the water and swam away.
That was the year in which the first book about the so-called Loch Ness Monster was published.
Peter Costello in his book “In Search of Lake Monsters” examines the many theories about these creatures, not omitting aspects legendary, supernatural, hystorical and auto suggestive. His own conclusion, after dismissing all the other explanatios, is that the “monster is a warm-blooded mammal with a fur coat more specialized for a purely aquatie existence than any known seal. He says the seientific name propoded for the animal (translated from the Latin) is the big sealion with a long neck”.
Nothing is known about their reproduction, birth, growth or maturity. Jet there cannot be just one of the Loch Ness animals. To main tain a population of them in the lake, he contends, there must be at least 15 or 20.
3. Forms of Address
It is true that one addresses an audience of English people as “Lalies an gentlemen”, but the singular of these vocatives is another matter. A foreigner would do best to stick to “Madam” and “Sir”: this is the only formally correct way to address strangers, though it is not at all commonly used by the English themselves. Also, in the course of conversation, if one does not want to go on repeating “Mr. Jones”, “Mrs. Jones”, etc. one can call the person to whom one is speaking “Sir” or “Madam”.
But if you mix Freely with the English or read the latest English publications you will find a maddening number of variations on the use “Sir” or “Madame” among the English themselves. Te English often do not know: what one is to call after a stranger who has, for example, dopped a glove white getting out of a train? They have no generally accepted forms like “Monsieur” “Madame” in French, and most people in such circumstances call out. “I say!” or even “He!” In less urgent cases one usually says “Excuse me…” without a vocative word. Waiters and waitresses, shop-assistants and servants of both sexes say “Sir” or “Madame” to the people whom they are serving. You call “Waiter!”. “Waitress!” or “Porter!” if you want service: you may call a Female shop-assistant “Miss” (though often she does not like it), and what you call a male shop-assistant is possible to say. Women, apart from the exceptions just mentioned, hardly ever call a man “Sir”, unless he is very much their superior at work. Schoolgirls and schoolboys call their master “Sir” but their mistress “Miss”, not “Madam”.
Nearly all manual workers would think if rather degrading to themselves if they addressed either a superior or a stranger as “Sir”, in offices, on the other hand, some use “Sir” to their superiors, some do not. Almost any worker will feel insulted if he is addressed by a superior as “Jones” instead of “Mr. Jones” he always is. Jet if men are on any terms of Friendly acquaintance, they will use Christian name or surname only. Women call each other “Mrs. Jones”, “Miss Jones”, or “Mary”, but almost never “Jones”. Girls in school are called by their Christian names, but boys usually by their surnames.
The habit of using Christian naves alone has spread enormously since the war. Even high-ranking civil servants or army officers will now use Christian names after a very brief acquaintace, and among the young of all classes the habit is so universal that sometimes they do not even know each other’s surnames when they are quite well acquainted. The English have come a long way from the world of earlier English novels, where even husband and wife would address each other, as in Jane Austen’s “Pride and Prejudice, – as “Mr. Bannett” and “Mrs. Bennett”! The new habit has spread not only in social life but also at work, in offices and factories a like. There has been a natural reaction against it by some people, even among the young, who feel that Christian names should be postponed until acquaintance is rather more intimate. Another common way of referring to people (but not of addressing them) is to use Christian name and surname together.
There are some “Folk” ways of address which the traveler will hear from people of less education: “Mister” to a man (especially from children), “Lady” to a woman, “Guy’nor” (Governor) to a man who is considered a superior, and “Mate” among both men and woman to those whom they consider their equals. Since the war there has also been a pleasant habit of addressing a stranger, whether man or woman, as “Dear”, and in the north of England “Love” is an old-established word.
8. Конкурс английской песни
Принимают участие все классы. Любые песни на английском языке.
Приведем пример конкурса песни для 10-11 классов «Песни наших родителей» из репертуара группы «Биттлз».