Tom: That doesn’t matter. You can come too, Huck. Can you imagine it? We march in one behind the other. You go to your mother, Joe, and I go to Aunt Polly. Won’t they be glad?
Huck (sadly): And me? Nobody’ll be glad to see me.
Tom (with enthusiasm): Oh, Aunt Polly will, I know. You’ve got to march in like me. She’ll be glad, Huck, don’t worry.
Huck: I’ll stay, too.
The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
Jim – a Negro whom Huck tries to help to get to the free states.
Two men with guns, who are looking for slaves who have run away.
Story-teller: I suppose many of you have read the novel “The Adventures of Tom Sawyer” by Mark Twain. In this book Tom and his friend Huck found the money that the robbers had hidden in a cave and it made them rich. The window Douglas took Huck into her house as her son. But the boy did not like living with her because of her sister, Miss Watson, who did treat him well.
So one day Huck got into his rags again, ran away and hid on an island in the Mississippi river. On the island he met Jim, Miss Watson’s slave, who had run away from his mistress. Huck was very fond of Jim and promised to help him to get the free states. This is how it was. There was a terrible storm and Jim and Huck found everything they needed for the journey on a raft down the Mississippi. As you know, the Ohio river lies between the states where there was once slavery and the states where there was no slavery. In Cairo Huck and Jim planned to take a steamer and go anywhere they wanted in the free states.
Imagine that there is a raft in the background of the stage with a small tent on it. It is night.
Huck: It’s terribly dark. I can’t see anything. I’m afraid we’ll miss Cairo.
Jim (eagerly): We’ll look sharp for the town. We mustn’t pass it without seeing it. If we don’t see Cairo, we’ll still be in a slave state.
Huck: Don’t worry, Jim, I’ll look sharp, and you do too.
Jim (jumping up): Is that Cairo?
Huck: Not yet.
Jim (happily): Pretty soon, I’ll be happy and say I’m a free man thanks to Huck. You, Huck, are the only friend old Jim has now. You’re the only white man that keeps his promise. You…
Story-teller: Look at Huck and Jim. They see some lights on the river and think that they have reached Cairo. They paddled to the bank and tried the raft to a tree. Huck is just going to find out if they are really in Cairo.
(Two men with guns appear).
Huck (in terror): Hush, Jim. Hide, hide as quickly as you can.
(Jim goes quickly into the tent and hides under the blankets).
First Man: What’s that over there?
Huck: A raft.
Second Man: Do you belong on it?
Huck (politely): Yes, sir.
First Man: Any men on it?
Huck: Only one, sir.
Second Man: Five Negroes have run away today. Is your man white or black?
(Huck tries to answer but the words don’t come).
Huck: He is white.
First Man (going towards the raft): We’ll go and see for ourselves.
Huck: I with you would, because it’s Father that’s in there in the tent. He’s sick.
First Man: Shall we go in?
Second Man: What’s the matter with him?
Huck: We’ll be greatly obliged to you, I can tell you. Everybody goes away when I ask them where the doctor lives.
First Man: That’s mean of them. I wonder why.
Second Man: Say, boy, what’s the matter with your father?
Huck: It’s the-a-the-well, it isn’t anything serious.
Second Man: Boy, that’s a lie. What is the matter with your father? Answer now, or it’ll be the, worse for you.
Huck: I will, sir, honesty, sir, but don’t leave us, please. It’s-the-the-, gentlemen.
First Man: Keep back, John, keep back! Keep away, boy. I’m sure the wind has blown it to us. Your father’s got the smallpox and you know it. Why didn’t you say so at once? Do you want everybody to get the smallpox?
Huck (crying): Well, I’ve told everybody before and they just went away and left us.
Second Man: We are really sorry but we don’t want the smallpox. Poor boy! I understand that.
First Man: Good-bye, my boy. If you see any runaway niggers and tell us about it, you can make some money by it.
Huck (ironically): Good bye, sir. I won’t let runaway niggers get by me if I can help it (Turning to the tent).
Jim! Jim, you may come. They are gone.
Jim (happily): Here I am, Huck. That was a clever trick. You’ve saved me and I’m never going to forget it!
Story-teller: But that place wasn’t Cairo and Jim didn’t get free then. Huck and Jim got into many difficulties and had many adventures. Tom Sawyer also comes into the story and does his best in his own way, to help Huck but unsuccessfully. Jim in the end gets his freedom, but in quite a different way. I shan’t tell you how that happened because perhaps some of you haven’t yet read the book.
Charles Dickens is one of the greatest novelists in the English language. He wrote about the real world of Victorian England and many of his characters were not rich, middle-class ladies and gentlemen, but poor and hungry people.
His family lived in London. His father was a clerk in an office. It was a good job, but he always spent more money than he earned and he was often in debt. There were eight children in the family, so life was hard.
Charles went to school and his teaches thought he was very clever. But suddenly, when he was only eleven, his father went to prison for his debts and the family went, too. Only Charles didn’t go to prison. He went to work in a factory, where he washed bottles. He worked ten hours a day and earned six shillings (30 р.) a week. Every night, after work, he walked four miles back to his room. Charles hated it and never forgot the experience. He used it in many novels, especially “David Copperfield” and “Oliver Twist”.
When he was sixteen, he started work for a newspaper. He visited law courts and the Houses of Parliament. Soon he was one of the Morning Chronicle’s best journalists. He also wrote short stories for magazines. These were funny descriptions of people that he met. Dickens’ characters were full of colour and life – good people were very, very good and bad people were horrible. His books became popular in many countries and he spent a lot of time abroad, in America, Italy, and Switzerland.
Dickens had ten children, but he didn’t have a happy family life. He was successful in his work but not at home, and his wife left him. He never stopping writing and traveling, and he died very suddenly in 1870.
(The scene opens with Mr. Pickwick standing near a tree and breathing deeply).
Pickwick: Pleasant, pleasant country; such fresh air
(Mr. Wardle appears)
Wardle: Hello, Mr. Pickwick. You’re up early for a London man.
Pickwick: Yes. The sun coming in at my window woke me.
Wardle: How are you? Beautiful morning, isn’t it?
Pickwick: Yes, it is. (He sees two guns in Mr. Wardle’s hands). What are you going to do with those guns?
Wardle: Your friend and I are going to shoot rooks before breakfast. Winkle is a very good shot, isn’t he?
Pickwick: He says he is a good shot, but I’ve never seen him shoot.
Wardle: Well, why doesn’t he come? Joe! Joe!
(The fat boy appears).
Joe: Here sir.
Wardle: Go up and call the gentlemen and tell him he will find me and Mr. Pickwick in the rookery. Show the gentlemen the way there, do you hear?
Joe: Yes, sir.
(The fat bag goes away. Mr. Wardle puts one of the guns on the ground and loads the other).
Pickwick (sees Mr. Tupman, Mr. Snodgrass and Mr. Winkle in the distance): Here they, are.
Wardle: Come along, Mr. Winkle! A good shot like you will find some pleasure here.
Wincle: Oh, yes, certainly.
(Mr. Winkle takes the gun which lies on the ground. Mr. Wardle makes a sign to Joe, who begins to shout).
Pickwick: What is he going to do?
Wardle: Frighten the rooks. (Mr. Wardle fires). Now, Mr. Winkle, it is your turn. Fire away.
(Mr. Winkle steps forward, and raises his gun, just at that moment Mr. Tupman looks out from behind a tree, Mr. Winkle fires and a terrible cry is heard. Mr. Tupman lies on the ground, the charge has got into his arm. Mr. Winkle kneels beside him. Mr. Tupman sits up and then falls back again).
Winkle: What have I done! Oh, what have I done!
Pickwick (with indignation): Wretch! You are a wretch, sir.
6. English humor, Riddles, Puzzles
Учащимся предлагается решить занимательные головоломки и загадки. Здесь также приводятся смешные сценки. Рекомендуется устроить вечер юмора, в котором могут принять участие все классы и разыграть эти сценки на публике.
Time for fun.
– Take a square piece of paper. Then try to fold it so as to form the largest possible equilateral triangle.
A triangle in which the sides are the same length as the sides of the square, as you see in the picture, will not be the largest possible.
(Key: Fold the square in half and make the crease FE. Fold the side AB so that point B lies on FE, and you will get the points G and H from which you can fold HGJ. While B is on G, fold AB back on AH, and you will have the line AK.
You can now fold the triangle AJK which is the largest possible equilateral triangle.
D J E C
A F B
– Charlie started from his home on a bicycle. He wanted to go to the village which was 10 miles away.
He came to a cross-roads and found that the sign-post had been broken and lay in the middle of the road. Yet he made the sign-post tell him which was the right way to go.
It was a usual sign-post with four arms, on which were written the names of the villages to which the four roads led.
How did he do it.
(Key: Charlie knew the name of the village from which he had come. So he could say exactly in which direction the arm of the sign-post with the name of his village pointed. So he was able to say what roads were pointed to by the other arms).
– Jim had two candles. One candle was one inch longer than the other. He lighted the longer candle at 4.30 and the shorter at 6. At 8.30 they were both the same length.
The first burned out at 10.30, and the second at 10.
How long were they before Jim lighted them?
(Key: The first candle burns for 6 hours and the second for 4 hours. In 2 hours (from 8.30 to 10.30) the first burns as much as the second in 4 ½ hours. The second candle would require ½ hour to burn 1 inch. So the second candle was 8 inches long, and the first was 9 inches long).
What, by losing an eye, has nothing left but a nose?
What is the best way to make a fire with two sticks?
Can you make a match burn under water?
What is it that you have at every meal but never eat?
5. First freeze the water and then carry it in a sieve
6. Buy one stamp every time
7. Miss Ouri (Missouri) and Mrs Sippi (Mississippi)
8. The wind
9. Because it only follows you when the sun shiny
10. The word “short”.
1. Why is a bad friend like the letter P?
2. Why is a tree like a dog?
3. What contains more feet in winter than in summer?
4. What is it that we often see being made, but never see it after it is made?
5. Who handles more letters in a day than a postman?
6. What has a hand but can’t scratch itself?
7. Why are different trees like different dogs?
8. Take away my first letter, I remain unchanged; take away my second letter, I’m still the same; take away all my letters I’ll still remain unchanged. What am I?
9. What two letters of the alphabet contain nothing
(Key: 1. Because though he is first in pity, he is always last in help.
2. Because they both lose their bark when they die (Bark – 1) лай 2) кора дерева)
3. A skating-rink
4. A noise
5. A typist ([‘taipist] – машинистка) (A letter – 1)письмо; 2) буква)
6. A clock (A hand – 1) рука; 2) стрелка часов)
7. Because each has a different bark (Игра слов: см. ответ на вторую загадку)
8. A postman (Игра слов: см. ответ на 5 загадку)
9. M, T [‘em’ti:] – empty [‘emti]
1. What has six feet and can sing?
2. Why is a cherry like this book?
3. How much does a horse weigh?
4. Why does a man’s hair usually turn grey sooner than his moustache?
5. How can you divide seventeen apples equally among eleven boys if four of the apples are very small?
6. What is it that cannot think, cannot speak, but tells the truth to all the world?
7. On which side does a chicken have the most feathers?
8. What word is it which, when two letters are changed places, beco-mes its own opposite?
(Key: 1. Trio [‘tri’ou]
2. Because it is red [read]
3. Put it on the scales and you will see.
4. Because a man’s hair is twenty years older than his moustache.
5. Make apple pudding
7. On the outside
8. United [ju:’naitid] – объединенный; untied [‘Λn’taid] – несвязан-ный.
1. Which is heavier, a half or a full moon?
2. What does everybody give and few take?
3. Why must a man always wear a watch when he travels in a desert?
4. What is it which never uses its teeth for eating?
5. What are the most wonderful things which were ever built?
6. Why will a traveler never starve in the desert?
7. What is it that every Englishman once was?
8. What is it that was born almost at the same time as the world, will live as long as the world, but is never five weeks old?
(Key: 1. A half moon is heavier, because the full moon is lighter (Light – 1) легкий; 2) светлый)
3. Because every watch has a spring (Spring – 1) пружина; 2) источ-ник)
4. A comb
5. Air castles
6. Because of the sand which is (sandwiches) there
7. An English boy
8. The moon
The King’s Knights
(A puzzle) Once upon a time King Arthur was staying at his hunting horse which had him rooms. He himself slept in the central room and he placed his 24 knights in the other rooms in each, so that there were always 9 knights on each side of the house. They were placed like this:
As the King stayed at his hunting house for a long time, his knights asked him if they could meet in one another’s rooms in the evening. The King answered that he would allow this if there were always 9 men on each side of the house at all times. To be sure of this the King counted his knights each evening.
He became more surprised the second evening when he found that 4 men from the near-by village had come to visit his knights. Now although 28 men were in the house, there were still 9 men on each side of the house!
The third evening the King counted 32 men in the house but only 9 on each side.
On the fourth evening the knights had 10 guests from the village! Still there were only 6 of the knights went to visit their friends in the village.
Although only 18 men remained in the house, there were still 9 men on each side.
Try to guess how the knights placed themselves in the house.
The first The second The fourth
night night night
The fifth The third
Transplanting the Trees
(A curious problem)
A man had a garden of twenty-two trees which were planted as it is shown in the picture.
The man transplanted only six of the trees, and after that the trees formed twenty rows with four trees in every row.
How did he do that?
Answer: Only 6 trees have been transplanted, and they now form 20 rows with 4 trees in every row.
См. картинку (стр. 153 книжка).
A Heavy Stamp
That letter is too heavy: said the clerk in the post-officer, after weighing the letter. “You’ll have to put another stamp on it”.
“What’s the good of that?” said the boy. “If I put another stamp on it, that will make it still heavier”.
A man who stuttered was asked why he did so.
“It’s my p-p-p-peculiarity”, he answered. “Everybody has s-s-s-some p-p-p-peculiarity”.
“I don’t have any”, said the questioner”.
“Don’t you s-s-s-stier your t-t-t-tea with your r-r-r-right hand?”
“Yes, of course”
“Th-that’s your p-p-p-peculiarity. Most p-p-p-people use a s-s-s-spoon!”